Listed buildings in Ipswich
Ipswich Historic Lettering: St Margaret Church 8
Church of St Margaret (Listed Grade I)

What is Listing?
Definition: Listed Building (taken from the Historic England website; see Links)
"...means a building which is for the time being included in a list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under this section; and for the purposes of this Act -
(a) any object or structure fixed to the building;
(b) any object or structure within the curtilage of the building which, although not fixed to the building, forms part of the land and has done so since before 1st July 1948,
shall subject to subsection (5A)(a) be treated as part of the building.
[s1(5) Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990]"
'Listing is the term given to the practice of listing buildings, scheduling monuments, registering parks, gardens and battlefields, and protecting wreck sites. Listing allows us to highlight what is significant about a building or site, and helps to make sure that any future changes to it do not result in the loss of its significance.'

A listed building may not be demolished, extended, or altered without special permission from the local planning authority, which typically consults the relevant central government agency, particularly for significant alterations to the more notable listed buildings. In England and Wales, a national amenity society must be notified of any work to a listed building which involves any element of demolition.

Exemption from secular listed building control is provided for some buildings in current use for worship, but only in cases where the relevant religious organisation operates its own equivalent permissions procedure. Owners of listed buildings are, in some circumstances, compelled to repair and maintain them and can face criminal prosecution if they fail to do so or if they perform unauthorised alterations. When alterations are permitted, or when listed buildings are repaired or maintained, the owners are often required to use specific materials or techniques.

Although most sites appearing on the lists are buildings, other structures such as bridges, monuments, sculptures, war memorials, and even milestones and mileposts and Abbey Road zebra crossing made famous by the Beatles are also listed. Ancient, military, and uninhabited structures, such as Stonehenge, are sometimes instead classified as scheduled monuments and protected by much older legislation, whilst cultural landscapes such as parks and gardens are currently 'listed' on a non-statutory basis.

Listing Grades: Currently there are Grade I for those judged the most important, Grade II* and Grade II. Buildings formerly Listed as Grade III usually deserve to be Locally Listed by the local authority which does confer a certain protection in that it records the building and gives the Conservation Officer some leverage if the building is threatened.

Ipswich Listings
Ipswich is an historic town with many precious features. It's not just retail parks and car parks. There are over 700 Listed buildings in Ipswich.

Grade I Listed buildings
• Christchurch Mansion The Listing also includes the Ice House (GII), the wall and gates south of the Mansion (GII) and the Lodge at No.1 Soane Street (GII).
• 30 Butter Market: The Ancient House.
• Gateway to Wolsey's College (also an Ancient Monument). 1-5 College Street, the former Burton Sons & Sanders offices, of which Wolsey's Gate is an integral part (GII).
• 80 and 80A Fore Street (Isaac Lord's). The G1 buildings are the Sale Room, the Crossway and the Warehouse running down to the quay, now the main bar. The former Malt Kiln is Listed GII* and numbers 1-7 Wherry Lane are GII.
• Friars Street: Unitarian Meeting House.
• Friars/Princes Streets: Willis office building.
• 7 Northgate Street. Formerly the Royal Oak Inn, today Jackaman's Offices.
• Northgate Street: Pykenham's Gatehouse and the wall to the Ipswich & Suffolk Club.
• Church of St Margaret and the wall around the churchyard.
• 2 St Peters Street (The Sailors' Rest) The first building ‘rescued' by the Ipswich Society.
• Church of St Mary-at-Stoke. Adjacent are the cellars to Stoke Hall, Listed GII.

Grade II* buildings
• Cliff Lane: The Margaret Catchpole public house. A Cobbold pub built in 1936 as a counter to the ‘Tolly Follies' being built at that time by Tollemache & Co. The two brewers didn't amalgamate until 1957.
• College Street: Church of St Peter.
• Constitution Hill: ‘Woodside'.
• Dial Lane: Church of St Lawrence, Ipswich Historic Churches Trust.
• Elm Street: Church of St Mary-at-the-Elms.
• 24 Fore Street, formerly The Wheatsheaf public house, in the same style as the Ancient House in Butter Market but without the decoration.
• 56-58 Fore Street (opposite Fore Street Baths).
• 80-80A Fore Street (Isaac Lord's warehouses, see above).
• Wherry Quay: Isaac's public house & restaurant, the former Malt Kiln pub.
• 86-88 Fore Street, the former Neptune Inn.
• Cromwell Square: Church of St Nicholas.
• Gippeswyk Avenue: Gippeswyk Hall, now home to Red Rose Chain theatre.
• Key Street: Church of St Mary-at-the-Quay, soon to be opened as ‘Quay Place'.
• Key Street: The Old Custom House.
• 9 Northgate Street: Listed GII on Historic England listing. Georgian/Tudor house.
• St Clements Church Lane: Church of St Clement.
• 24 St Margarets Plain (is also 2 Soane Street): the former Pack Horse Inn.
• 56-58 St Margarets Street: the St Margarets Street frontage of the Pack Horse Inn.
• 35-39 St Margarets Street (37-39 St Margarets Street on the Historic England list at GII*); Half-timbered buildings on the corner with Great Colman Street.
• 1-9 Silent Street: the first four buildings on the north side of Silent Street, including Claude Cox's former bookshop.
• 43 Tavern Street: The Great White Horse Hotel, its bedrooms extend above 37-41 Tavern Street, Listed GII).
• Tower Street: Church of St Mary-le-Tower.
• 19 Tower Street. Note that 17 Tower Street (Church House) and 21 Tower Street are both GII.
Additionally, the Blackfriars Priory church ruins, between Foundation and Fore Streets, is classified as an Ancient Monument (AM).

There are 677 Grade II Listed buildings. The highest concentration of Listed buildings is in Fore Street with two Grade I, five Grade II*, and 77 Grade II.
Between 1985 and 1994 only four Listed buildings disappeared, and none have been demolished since 1995.

This page is based on an article in the Ipswich Society Newsletter, April 2016 (Issue 203); see Links.

Mapping the Listed buildings
Since the information below was included on the site, the excellent Suffolk Heritage Explorer has come online (see Links) and it provides an easy-to-use map of historical/heritage assets via an interactive map. Click on a symbol at an appropriate location and you get a link to the Historic England Listing text.

Another way of finding specific buildings is to use Ipswich Borough Council Online Mapping, turn on 'development constraints' on the left hand side and this will bring up Listed buildings in orange (and Conservation Areas in red). Click on the 'I' information button above the map and then zoom into the map of the town and click on the building you want to identify (usefully, the house numbers are shown). This is linked to the Historic England list entries so would bring up the name of the building as it appears on the Historic England website, which would then give you an idea where to look on the British Listed Buildings website. Thanks to Conservation Officer, Rebecca Styles, for notes about  map searches for the Borough and Historic England.

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2004 Copyright throughout the Ipswich Historic Lettering site: Borin Van Loon
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