When, in the early 1960s, Ipswich
was earmarked by central
government to act as a resettlement area for populations displaced from
the East End of London, it spurred a major shift in policy on civil
engineering and building. The fact that the government policy shifted
again after the building of the Greyfriars complex (1964-66) meant that
massive housing estates in south-west Ipswich were never built and the
influx of Eastenders never arrived – being diverted to Haverhill,
Sudbury and Thetford. In addition to the Ipswich
Borough Council attempt to shift the town's centre to a new,
car-orientated, modernist shopping and leisure centre at Greyfriars,
much else changed.
The 1902 map of this area shows a very different street layout to that
we see today, as can be seen by overlaying the modern streets in pink,
above. See also our page on Black Horse
The main changes in road routes from St Matthews Street down to Princes
Street, turning left into the new dual carriageway of Cromwell Street.
At this point, protesters halted the bulldozers which were about to
push this new road through ancient buildings in St Nicholas Street,
Silent Street, Lower Brook Street, Foundation Street and Fore Street.
The last of these was, of course, eventually cut through by the Star
Lane 'Eastern Gyratory' traffic system in the 1980s. Those protesters,
concerned at the wholesale demolition of the
architectural heritage of this ancient town, soon formed The Ipswich
Society (see Links) in 1960. Many
of the roads and buildings demolished were of poor, working class
dwellings, run-down beer houses and old industrial buildings. The hill
on which Civic Centre was built had been an area of the town called
'The Mount' and the lanes dropping south from St Matthews Street were
Church Lane and Lady Lane. Below Handford Road and Mount Street
(running east-west), Lady Lane led down to Tanners Lane which
eventually joined Friars Bridge Road and Princes Street. See our Friars Bridge Road page for a 1902 map
of the area. The new dual carriageway running from the southern end of
Berners Street down to the Greyfriars site more or less followed the
lines of Church Lane and Tanners Lane. It was called Civic Drive to
reflect its proximity to the group of buildings around the new Civic
Centre, law courts and police station block on Elm Street. The
reshaping of this part of Ipswich was radical.
See also Lost
Ipswich trade signs for
Thomas Seckford's 'Great Place' in Westgate Street, destroyed during
the cutting-through of Museum Street in the 1840s.
our 'Ipswich Tomorrow' page for
more about the Greyfriars and Willis developments and the Greyfriars timeline.
The little-noticed road signs on the brick central reservation
on the upper part of Civic Drive are remarkable survivors of those
early days. It is probable that their 'difficult' positioning and
relatively small size accounts for their survival into the 21st century
when so many other street nameplates have been replaced or updated.
To the left of the sans serif, upper and lower case street name
is the vestige of a coloured Ipswich coat of arms.
Below that is a small piece of text (which someone has tried to
obliterate with paint on the St Matthews end – now discolouring) which
is more readable at the end close to St Matthews School:
This takes us back to a time when the county was split
administratively into East and West Suffolk and Ipswich County Borough.
Reorganisation in 1974 amalgamated east and west and removed many of
the powers and responsibilities of the Borough, concentrating many
finances and powers in a new Suffolk County Council.
For more information and maps of the Willis Faber & Dumas
building at the bottom of Civic Drive and its effect of the Greyfriars
area, see the 'Before Willis' section of our Lost trade sign page.
Just off the northern stretch of Civic Drive, on the east side is
Chapman Lane. It runs behind the Wolsey Theatre buildings
and is mainly seen as a service road for deliveries to the rear of
shops fronting the eastern section of St Matthews Street and for car
parks to the north of the former Civic Centre site. However, it does
have an interesting street name derivation.
Interestingly, this part of the road is labelled Black Horse
Lane on a 1994 street map of the town, so this must be a more recent
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