Ipswich street name derivations
Ipswich Historic lettering: Sign small strip
Abolitionists (slavery): have their own page (Clarkson, Wilberforce, Benezet, Dillwyn, Elliott, Gibbons, Granville, Emlen Streets and Burlington Road).
Adair Road: commemorates Hugh Edward Adair, of the Adair family of Flixton Hall, Bungay. He was MP for Ipswich 1947-1974. See also Shafto Road.
Adams Close: see Bromley Close.
Alan Road
: named for Alan Brooksby Cobbold, the owner in 1864 of the 238 acre Rose Hill estate. The Rev E C Alston of Dennington then became the owner. On his death it was sold, and Alan, Alston and Rose Hill Roads were then constructed. However, Margaret Hancock's article on the history of Rosehill points out that Alan Road ran more or less between Little Allins Field and Great Allins Field, parts of the Rose Hill Farm estate; the suggestion being that 'Alan' derives from Allins.
Alf Ramsey Way: see Portman's Walk. Home to the hidden ITFC lettering.
Alpe Street: commemorates William Alpe, Borough highway surveyor, 1698.
Alston Road: see Alan Road.
Ancaster Road
: commemorates an 18th century family connection of Lord Gwdyr of Stoke Park. An ancestor, Peter Burrell, married Priscilla (Baroness Willoughby d'Eresby) the eldest daughter of the third Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. See also Burrell Road, Willoughby Road.
Anglesea Road: commemorates Sir Henry William Paget, 1st Marquis of Anglesey (1768-1854) – the variance in the last two letters is probably due to a scribe in the past guessing at the spelling – who lived in Ipswich in the early 19th century. He was second-in-command to Wellington in the Battle of Waterloo, 1815 but Paget's career with the General was cut short when he eloped with Wellington's sister-in-law. According to Carol Twinch (see Reading List), there is an alternative derivation: the name of the sixth son of the 1st Marquis, General Lord George Augustus Frederick Paget (1818-1880) who gave Lord Cardigan 'his best support' and led the 4th Light Dragoons in the Charge of the Light Brigade in 1854. However, George never inherited the 'Anglesey' title. Interestingly, he commanded the remains of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Inkerman in 1854 and the Inkerman public house on Norwich Road commemorates this. Anglesea Road was formerly the western end of Fonnereau Road (q.v.), then called Dairy Lane, and known in the 17th century as Peddar's Lane: a country walk lined with hedgrows and pollarded oaks. The East Suffolk & Ipswich Hospital & Dispensary was built on Anglesea Road in 1835 and the familiar portico still catches the eye at the top of Berner's Street.  See also Paget Road, Barrack Corner/Lane.
Arcade Street: the original 'escape' from the northern part of Museum Street to the present-day kink in the road layout. The access through to King Street (q.v.) was cut through a house. It's not really an arcade (a succession of arches), but a extended arch. For the fuller story of these streets, see our King Street page.
Austin Street
: this road originally linked Stoke Street and Great Whip Street (the original approach to the town from the south) and reminds us of St Augustine's (or Austin) parish in this area. The church and parish have since been lost.
The Avenue: an allusion to the fine avenue of trees shown on Kirby's map of the Christchurch estate 1735, which was a continuation of the avenue which ran from the Mansion to the Park Road gateway, cutting across Great Kingsfield beyond present day Valley Road.
Back Hamlet: the hill running from the Duke Street/Fore Street junction up to the Grove Lane/Foxhall Road junction. Fore Hamlet (q.v.) runs south of Back Hamlet. 
Probably relates to Wykes Bishop, one of the four hamlets into which the town was once divided (the others were Wykes Ufford, Stoke and Brookes). See also Wykes Bishop Street.
Bader Close on the Racecourse/Priory Heath estate is named after Sir Douglas Bader (1910-1982), who became famous as a flying ace despite his two prosthetic legs. He flew his first combat mission in May 1940 while his squadron, 222 Squadron, was stationed at Martlesham Heath airfield, Suffolk. From there, they provided defence for the beleaguered British army who were stranded on the beaches of Dunkirk. There is a public house named after him on the Martlesham Heath development, built in the mid-1970s over the former airfield.
Badshah Avenue: commemorates Kavas Jamas Badshah who retired from the Indian civil service in 1904 and came to live in Ipswich where his family had been established since 1892. He became a town councillor in 1913, was awarded the OBE in 1918 in recognition of his war work in Ipswich and became mayor in 1925.
Bantoft Terrace: commemorates William Bantoft, Town Clerk 1883-1924 ('a good innings' in cricketing terms).
Barrack Corner / Barrack Lane: reminders of the heavy military presence in Ipswich over a long period. Just as – until the dissolution of the monasteries after Cardinal Wolsey in 1536-41 – Ipswich must have been full of Catholic monks and clergy (given the five main monastic houses in the town, Ipswich must in the early 19th century have been full of troops. "The town at this time was full of military – the 10th Light Dragoons, the 7th ditto, under Lord Paget, the West Suffolk Militia, the Hertford ditto, etc." (George Elers, Captain in the 12th Regiment of Foot, writing in 1808). The main garrison between Anglesea Road and Norwich Road eventually closed in the 1930s. See also Anglesea Road, Paget Road, Berners Street.
Beatty Road
: commemorates David, first Earl Beatty (1871-1936), Admiral of the Fleet, and his distinguished service in the First World War. No known links with Ipswich.
Beck Street: commemorates Cave Beck, headmaster of Ipswich Grammar School 1650- 1657. He held a plurality of livings - rector of St Margaret's 1658, St Helen's 1658 and Monk Soham 1674-1706. Noted nationally as the author of The Universal Character in which he sought to establish a universal means of language using numerals as linguistic symbols.
Bedford Street: commemorates Thomas Bedford, a 'postmaster' - a hirer of horses, coaches and gigs, with premises off St Matthew's Street
in 1855.
Bell Lane: as with several thoroughfares, is named after a notable public house on the corner of the road: The Old Bell, Over Stoke. See also Rose Lane, Black Horse Lane, Eagle Street.
Belle Vue Road: featured on our Russell Villas page. See Belvedere Road.
Belvedere Road: like its sister, Belle Vue Road, this must have been named after the panoramic view over the town and river which exists "if it wasn't fer the 'ahzes in between" (to quote music hall performer Gus Elan) these days.
Benezet Street
: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Berners Street
: Built in the 1830s as an approach to the portico of Anglesea Road Hospital, it commemorates the Berners family of Woolverstone Hall, which was built on his riverside estate by William Berners (1710-1783).
Bettley/Pevsner (see Reading List) points out that: "Berners Street ... is comparable to High Street, but grander: Berners Street was for the officers of the nearby barracks, High Street for the non-commissioned officers." William Berners owned a street of the same name in the West End of London.
Bishops Hill: see Wykes Bishop Street. Home of brickwork street lettering.
Black Horse Lane: it may seem obvious, given the name of the inn we see today on the corner with Elm Street; however, it is included here because for centuries it was Burstall Lane, not being labelled with today's name until White's map of Ipswich, 1867.  Whether there is a link to the village of Burstall, 4 miles west of the town, it is of note that the village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Burgestala / Burghestala.
Black Horse Lane is described as an intramural lane in that it is within the ancient defences, its northern end entering Westgate Street inside the Old Bar Gate (cf Lady Lane). Not only that, but many scholars claim that The Black Horse building could include part of (or stand on the site of) the birthplace of Thomas Wolsey (1473-1530). A Tudor doorway remains within today's building with Jacobean workmanship. An alternative birthplace for Wolsey is given as the Black Bell pub at 34 Museum Street and later in Elm Street. The Black Horse is Listed Grade II: "A C16 timber-framed and plastered building with a cross wing at the north end and a wing extending east at the rear. It was altered in tile C18 and later. The first storey was jettied originally but was later built out in brick, probably in the C16, now painted." Originally a merchant's house, it did not become a public house until after 1689.
Blanche Street: runs between Woodbridge Road and Cemetary Road. Named after Blanche, the wife of Thomas Neale (1841-1891) of Freston, whose daughter married into the Fonnereau family of Christchurch Mansion. In 1882 a Thomas Neale is recorded as being in residence at Christchurch Mansion. See also Neale Street.
Blenheim Road: commemorates the battle of 1704 in the Seven Years War which ensured the Hanoverian succession to the English throne.
Bloomfield Street: in 1874 Bloomfield Street had only five householders, one of whom was Mrs Elizabeth Bloomfield (information from Clegg, M. : The way we went (see Reading list). See also the brickyard in Bloomfield Street.
Bolton Lane: Perhaps a misnomer as Thingstead Lane (leading northwards from the Thingstead - ancient name for a meeting place, now St Margaret's Green) was labelled in the Pennington map of Ipswich in 1778 as Bolton Lane, even though the hamlet of Bolton was on the other side of Christchurch Park. Home of the dated former Wrestlers public house.
Bond Street: commemorates Henry Cooper Bond who had a tannery here and another on Bramford Road. He lived in a house at Majors Corner where the Regent now stands. Bond Street was cut through in the mid 19th Century (mentioned in White’s Directory of 1855). Another suggested derivation is that Bond Street is named after Robert Bond of Cauldwell Hall, the big house on the hill a mile to the east. See also Cauldwell Hall Road.
Booth Court: a 21st century development on Handford Road, named after D.H. Booth, who, as Mayor of Ipswich, had laid the foundation stone of the Corn Exchange on 22 October 1880; the building was opened on the 26th July, 1882. Handford Lodge which once stood on the site had been the home of railway engineer, Peter Bruff. Bruff died in 1900 and Handford Lodge became the home of Mr D. H. Booth after the death of Mrs Bruff. See our V.A. Marriott page.
Boss Hall Road: there are two possible derivations: one from the name De Bois, landowners here in the 13th century, the other a contraction of Bordshaw Hall.
Bostock Road: named after the family who owned the Hippodrome in St Nicholas Street (which stood on the site of the home of the young Thomas Wolsey) and the theatre in Carr Street (q.v.).
Bourne Hill, Bridge & Park: The name Bourne can be traced back to 'burna', the Old English name for a stream or brook. Later Bourn(e) was the name given to a settlement which grew up beside the water. Given the relationship between Bourne Park and Bridge and Belstead Brook we can see the most likely derivation of their shared name. Bourne Hill (home of Bourne Farm) used to run up from the brook to Wherstead village; it has now been bypassed by the A137 which runs up past the ski slop and meets the busy A14 junction just west of the Orwell Bridge. The dual carriageway cutting here severed the top of Bourne Hill and isolated the small village of Wherstead.
Bridge Street: an obvious one as it leads to Stoke Bridge which gives access over the River Orwell/Gipping to Over Stoke and Wherstead to the south. Not only the probable  original fording point of the river , when it was much wider and shallower, but also the notional point at which the brackish, tidal River Orwell waters mingle with the fresh water of the River Gipping. Many people now say that this co-mingling takes place at the Horseshoe Weir, further to the west. Bridge Street street nameplate has been lost.
Bromley Close.
Three gentlemen celebrated in modern street names were all Locomotive Superintendents on the Great Eastern Railway in the 19th century (also Adams Close and Sinclair Close).
Brooks Hall Road is a short road between Norwich Road and Bramford Lane; it commemorates Brooks Hall and the Brooks Hall estate. A holding known as Brokes was given by Edward the Confessor (1003/5-1066) to Aluric de Clare. It was later owned by Sir Anthony Wingfield (c.1488- 1552) – see also Wingfield Street – and much later by Capt. Arthur Thomas Schreiber – see also Schreiber Road – who opposed the building of the 1930s Ipswich by-pass (Valley Road) being built adjacent to his property and was soon to instruct an Ipswich builder to carefully dismantle, brick-by-brick, Brooks Hall so that it could be loaded onto seventeen LNER railway carriages to be taken to Templecombe in Somerset, where is was rebuilt and stands to the present day. This hall dated to the 18th century and has a grand Queen Anne facade, four reception rooms, six large bedrooms and has paddocks and 8.5 acres of land. Presumably this estate shares the name of one of the original four hamlets of ancient Ipswich (Brooks/Brokes/Brookes, Stoke, Wykes Bishop – see also
Wykes Bishop Street – and Wykes Ufford).
Brook Street: currently split into Upper and Lower at the Dog's Head Street junction, this unassuming name commemorates a time when free flowing water  was a common feature of the public streets. Water is said to have flowed down Dairy Lane, later Fonnereau Road (q.v.) and from the springs and ponds in Christchurch Park, funnelling down Northgate Street and into Brook Street towards the River Orwell below Stoke Bridge. Sluices on the ponds in the park could be opened and the flooding waters pouring through the town are said to have sometimes caused real problems to those on foot. See also The Wash, Stepples Street. More about Water in Ipswich.
Bruff Road: a new housing development off Croft Street, the site of the original Ipswich Station. Peter Schuyler Bruff (1812-1900) has been called 'The Brunel of East Anglia' and engineered the remarkable Stoke Hill railway tunnel and much of the Ipswich sewage system. See also Bromley Close. For more on Peter Bruff see the pages on V.A. Marriott and the E.U.R.
Bulwer Road: commemorates James Redford Bulwer, QC (1820-1899), MP for Ipswich 1874-1880.
Burlington Road
: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Burrell Road: named after Peter Robert Burrell (1810-1909) who was responsible in July 1860 for redesigning the approach roads to the newly built railway station once Stoke Tunnel was engineered by Peter Bruff (see also Bruff Road). Burrell Road runs parallel with the river to link the station with Stoke Bridge. Burrell rose very high, becoming heir in 1870 to the Gwydyr barony and he lived at and rebuilt Stoke Park Mansion; he was High Steward of Ipswich 1884-1909. See also Willoughby Road, Ancaster Road, Stoke Park Drive.
Butter Market: the street running parallel to Tavern Street in which stands The Ancient House was for a long time know as Fish Market; on Edward White's map if 1867 it is labelled 'St Lawrence Street'. The messy, odorous fish market was regularly held on the site of the famous Ancient House frontage, then called Sparrowe's House. The Sparrowes finally got the market moved to Upper Brook Street, cleared the ground and erected the facade with all its decorative pargetting that we see today. We separate the words 'Butter and 'Market', as do the Borough Council's street nameplates, to distinguish the street from the modern Buttermarket Shopping Centre, which has an entrance onto Butter Market.
Canham Street
: commemorates William James Canham. In 1883 he acquired a 75 year lease from the Borough of grazing land here. He was a furniture van proprietor with premises in Portman Road. Houses were built on the land in 1933.
Carr Street: has an uncertain root in a variety of spellings, but in the reign of Edward I (1239–1307) the principal resident of 'Karistrete' was William Kaa and the name reappears as 'Carystrete' in 1402. It is likely that Carr Street led to the long-disappeared Eastgate to the town.

Cauldwell Hall Road (also Cauldwell Avenue): named after the hall and farm it served. Cauldwell Hall itself, the main residence of the vast Cauldwell Hall Estate, stands at the end of the track extending from Cauldwell Avenue and stands close to another house in a little green oasis high above the hill above Spring Road. It was Victorianised and much of what we see today dates from that period. The name comes from 'Cold well (cold stream)' after the large number of natural springs in the area and eventually gave rise to Cauldwell Brook, to Spring Road (q.v.) and The Wash (q.v.). In his Brief History of St John's Parish, Ipswich Kenneth H. Brown refers to the  land belonging to Cauldwell Hall Farm and states that this had been the manor in the Middle Ages, records going back to at least the 1300s. It is also noted that Copinger in his Manors of Suffolk states that it was held by the Holbroke family from 1300 to 1370: in the early 1400s John de Cauldwelle lived there and from 1460 to 1473 Bishop James Goldwell, before becoming Bishop of Norwich, is said to have lived there. It was later owned by Edmund Wythipoll who built Christchurch Mansion. There were several other owners until 1848 when the hall and land were put on the market, the farm ceased to exist and the California Estate was developed by the Ipswich & Suffolk Freehold Land Society. The following from a family history website (see the update). Cauldwell is spelt with a "double u" in Domesday, because at that time the letter 'W' did not exist in the English alphabet, whilst the "u u" sound most certainly did. U was usually rendered as a V at this time and in earlier inscriptions, to complicate matters. [UPDATE12.6.2016: 'I don't think it's right that Cauldwell is in Domesday Book.  I can't find it – can you tell me what folio it's supposed to be on? Also it's wrong to say "at that time the letter 'W' did not exist in the English alphabet".  There are lots of Ws in Domesday Book and earlier documents. Dr Keith M. Briggs [co-author of A dictionary of Suffolk place-names; see Reading list].' Thanks to Keith for the correction – ah, the perils of believing everything you read... See our Cauldwell Hall Road page for a review of its house names.
Cavendish Street: follows a curious route from the foot of Fore Hamlet/Bishop's Hill, round a sharp bend, up a steep narrow incline, across Alan Road (q.v.) and finally emerging, as Upper Cavendish Road, in Tomline Road (q.v.) opposite the Rosehill branch public library.  Presumably named after Sir Thomas Cavendish (1560-1592) who was born at Trimley St Martin and became a prominent privateer (a kind of legalized pirate) in the wake of Sir Francis Drake, whom he followed in the second English circumnavigation of the globe alongside Thomas Eldred (1561–1624), whose home is commemorated on our Isaac Lord page. See also the house names found in Cavendish Street.
Cecil Road: named in 1929, it commemorates Viscount Edward Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil (1864-1958), a leading figure in the founding of the League of Nations after the First World War.
Chalon Street: a short road which runs between Princes Street and New Cardinal Street; together with Metz and Sedan Streets it commemorates events in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870.  These last two have disappeared under the Greyfriars and later developments along Princes Street (q.v.).
Chapman Lane (at the back of the New Wolsey Theatre): named after Samuel Belcher Chapman who lived in Ipswich 1822-1880. Chemist and druggist (and amateur painter) in Tavern Street, later the Cornhill, he was a generous philanthropist, founding in 1857 the St Matthew's Industrial Home for
Girls at nearby 8 Black Horse Lane. The premises consisted of 'three or four cottages, forming three sides of a small enclosure'. On June 18, 1858 the Home was officially certified as a Reformatory for up to twenty girls sentenced by the courts to detention for up to five years. The Home also accepted voluntary admissions and it is clearly shown on the 1883 map of Ipswich. The Home closed in 1920 and the buildings no longer survive. [More information can be found at www.childrenshomes.org.uk/IpswichIH/] Chapman Lane, today a nondescript street, does not appear on the 1902 map of Ipswich, so we assume that it was created and named during the 1960s development of  Civic Drive (q.v.), St Matthews roundabout and the ill-fated Greyfriars Shopping Centre.
Chevallier Street
: commemorates Dr Barrington Chevallier (1819-1889), Mayor of Ipswich 1873-1874. Educated at Charterhouse (1832-37) and Brasenose College, Oxford 1837; BA 1840; MA 1843; BMed. 1846. In 1870 the 24th Report of Commissioners in Lunacy gives the following licenced private asylums in Suffolk: Aspall Hall, nr Debenham, Miss Chevallier and The Grove, Ipswich, Dr B. Chevallier. See our page on Old Hospitals for more on Dr Chevallier and St Clement's Hospital.
Clarkson Street: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Civic Drive: part of the 1960s 'improvement' scheme driven by Central Government plans to hugely expand housing on the south-west of the town to house large numbers of people from London's East End and Docklands. This never happened, leaving Greyfriars high and dry. This saw the destruction of the ancient street pattern around The Mount area of Ipswich: Friars Bridge Road
(q.v.) and Lady Lane (q.v.) truncated to stubs, Tanners Lane lost amongst others which removed the clear view of the line of the rampart/ditch to the west of the Anglo-Saxon town layout. It is perhaps ironic that the 1963 building giving the dual carriageway Civic Drive its name was demolished in 2008, once Ipswich Borough had moved its offices to Russell Road opposite SCC's Endeavour House.
Cobbold Street: runs westwards between St Margaret's Green (not very green these days) and Christchurch Street
(see Withipoll Street for the history of Christchurch Mansion ownership). John Chevallier Cobbold (1797–1882) is credited with opening up railway communications to Ipswich. Felix Thornley Cobbold (1841–1909) was born at the family pile, Holywells House (now demolished), and was also part of the famous farming, brewing and banking family and was benefactor to the town (notably Christchurch Park and Mansion and Gippeswyk Park). See our Links page for the excellent Cobbold Family History Trust.
College Street
:
Ipswich-born Thomas Wolsey, later Cardinal Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor of England in 1528, when at the height of his power created the Cardinal’s College of Mary in Ipswich, incorporating the Grammar School (see Foundation Street), planned as a main feeder school to his Cardinal College Oxford (after Wolsey's fall renamed King's College, now called Christ Church College). In 1529 building began on the nearby site of the dissolved Priory of St Peter and St Paul but it was incomplete when Wolsey fell from grace and died in 1530. The only remaining feature of the college is the water gate which, in dilapidated form, still stands in College Street. Also home of St Peter's Church and now-vanished Burtons lettering.
Colman Street: cut across the garden of Dr Colman in 1821. His house and garden at the corner of Northgate Street are marked on the Pennington map of 1778. Great Colman Street still exists, but Little Colman Street which ran southwards from its parent street into Carr Street was lost with the Carr Precinct development in the 1960s.
Constitution Hill: The one in London (not much of a hill, really), near the Mall obtained its name in the 17th century from King Charles II's habit of taking 'constitutional' walks there. In Strype's Map, 1720, it is marked 'Road to Kensington'. In John Smith's map of 1724, it is called 'Constitution Hill'. We've found this name in London, Birmingham, Aberystwyth, Poole, Bristol, Sudbury, Southwold, Norwich, Ipswich and... Johannesburg, among others. We suspect that they were all named after the London thoroughfare. At least the Constitution Hill in Ipswich is a proper hill running from Henley Road past the Italianate mansion built by the Paul family (1872), Woodside.
Coprolite Street: running between Neptune Quay and Duke Street, formed in 1850s at the time that Edward Packard set up his fertiliser factory on the lock side of the road, processing coprolites (phosphatic nodules dug from the base of 'Suffolk Crag' in coastal regions of Suffolk). See also: Henslow Road and Packard Avenue.
Corder Road
: possibly named after John Shewell Corder (1856-1922) was a distinguished architect in the town with over 100 commissions to his name (see Scarborow for a short biography). However, in 2014 John Norman, Chair of the Ipswich Society, points out that J.S. Corder's father was Frederic Corder, founder of Corder's Country Store in the Buttermarket in 1787. This was a small silk mercer and draper's shop – eventually growing to be a comprehensive department store between Tavern Street and the Butter Market (now part-occupied by Waterstones Bookshop). Corder's was eventually taken over by Debenham's (William Debenham was a Suffolk boy!) and incorporated into Waterloo House with Footman Pretty, the forerunner of the present-day Debenham's store. [requires confirmation]
Cox Lane
: the centre of the extensive pottery industry for almost 500 years ('Ipswich Ware' was dated from the mid-7th to the mid-9th century and was the only wheel-made and kiln-fired pottery made in England during that period; it was widely traded) this now insignificant lane is one of the town's oldest routes running between Carr Street and the top of Foundation Street. Once known as Cock's Lane (among many other names), the derivation could come from cock-fighting which certainly took place at the nearby Cock & Pye public house. The lane had numerous names over the centuries: Balmannys Lane in 1480,
Warrockeslane in the 1500s, Baldman's Lane in the middle of the 16th Century, Baleman's Lane not long after, Ballman's Lane and, by early in the 17th Century, Cocke's Lane. In the early 19th century Cox Lane was heavily populated, and in 1874 there were plans to build more cottages. “Hunt's Guide described it as 'an old fashioned avenue leading to Carr Street, containing many varieties of dwelling house and small shops, but not a good one." (Information from C. Twinch: Ipswich street by street, see Reading list.)
Coytes Gardens:
should perhaps be 'Beeston's Gardens' as it commemorates Dr William Beeston (1671-1731) whose noted 'physic garden' is marked on the Pennington map of 1778. He published two catalogues of his plants, 1796 and 1907, which established the national importance of the garden. The remainder of the lane that is today's Coytes Gardens once ran through Dr Beeston's garden. At his death the good doctor willed his garden to his nephew, Dr William Beeston Coyte, who died in 1810 and the land was sold for development in 1824. When Princes Street was cut through in 1878, it was Dr Coyte rather than Dr Beeston who was freshest in the memory when the byway was named.
Crane Hill: commemorates the Crane family, who lived at the listed Crane Hall, of the famous Crane engineering company. Christopher Crane held office as a chamberlain (financial officer) of the Borough circa 1564. He was born in the parish of St Matthew. Crane Hill is also home to a milestone.
Croft Street: home of the EUR public house, the name of the street relates to St Mary-At-Stoke Church above the Burrell Road/Stoke Street junction. A church has existed on the site since the 10th century. During the late 19th and early 20th century it railwaymen referred to it as the railway church due to the fact that the Ipswich locoshed was within the parish and many of its parishoners were railway workers and their families. The Reverend Croft was vicar for a number of years in Victorian times and he gave his name to Croft Street, the approach to the original Ipswich Station off Wherstead Road.
Cullingham Road: possibly named after Charles Cullingham who, with Ashton Blogg, set-up a Steam Brewery adjacent to Upper Brook Street in 1856.
By the time of its sale to Tollemache in 1888, Cullingham was sole proprietor and the company was a large concern, owning sixty-nine pubs and maltings. [requires confirmation]
Currier's Lane: running from Elm Street to Railway Station Road (later Princes Street) was a place known for the tanning trade since medieval times. A 'curryer' finished the dry leather by greasing it to make it flexible. Formerly known as Barkers Street after the 'barker' who steeped fishing nets in an oak bark solution to help preserve them in the sea (another form of tanning). In the 17th century this was known as Pudding Lane; 'pudding' was a word for entrails or guts and was then applied to the scrapings from hides being cured in the  lane. It must have been a stinking, horrible place. Home of the now vanished Grey Coat Boys School.
Cutler Street: commemorates the Cutler family of St Nicholas parish, members of which held in the 17th century the offices of bailiff, justice and coroner of the Borough. William Cutler endowed Cutler's Charity in 1620 to aid the poor and under the Municipal Reform Act of 1835, Ipswich Corporation became trustees of the charity. See Cutler Street nameplate. See also Felaw, Purplett and Tyler Streets for namings after other charity benefactors.
Dairy Lane: see Fonnereau Road, Brook Street.
Devereux Court: a recent development of Bolton Lane Music School and grounds.
Elizabeth Withipoll (the granddaughter of Sir Edmund Withipoll who bought Christchurch Mansion in 1548-50), married Leicester Devereux, 6th Viscount Hereford and the mansion passed to the Devereux family. Price Devereux, 10th Viscount Hereford (1694-1748) was a British Peer. He owned Christchurch Mansion and sold it in 1734 to Claude Fonnereau.
Dial Lane: the earlier name of Cooke Row was in use until about 1844 but it became the present name because of the clock which then stood out from the west face of the tower of St Lawrence church. The clock was removed when the tower was rebuilt in 1882. Home of the art nouveau gem Scarborow on which page is shown an 1830 engraving of the Dial in place.
Dillwyn Street
: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Dog's Head Street: name derived from the inn, The Dog's Head In The Pot, which stood at the north-east end of the street (more like an alleyway) Dog's Head In The Pot Lane as it was called on the Ogilvy map of 1674. Possibly a picturesque, Dutch origin relating to a slovenly household where if one was late for dinner, one found the dog's head in the pot (once the food had been served from the cooking pot, it was consigned to the family dog to lick out). Later greatly widened into the present Dog's Head Street.
Duke Street: seems to have progressed by 1844 from the earlier humble name of Duck Street, as given on the Ogilvy map of 1674. It has been suggested that ducks were kept in this area adjacent to shipyards and the river. Site of the now vanished  Electricity sign and Ransomes lettering.
Eagle Street: named after the public house on the crossroads (Fore Street, Orwell Place, Upper Orwell Street): The Spread Eagle. This is the last remaining of the four pubs which stood at each corner: The Bull's Head, The Eclipse, The Shoulder of Mutton). The short Eagle Street was once the western end of Rope Lane, now Rope Walk. It was the home of historian and philanthropist John Glyde (1823-1905), marked by a blue plaque.
See also Rose Lane, Black Horse Lane, Eagle Street, Bell Lane for streets named after well-known pubs.
Elliott Street: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Ernleigh Road: developed by a local builder Ernest Lee. "I had already worked out the reason for the name of the road through the original conveyance, it also mentions that Ernest William Lee lived at "Halliwell" Cauldwell Hall Road. So I assume that he also developed the road south of Ernleigh Road, yes, Halliwell Road [both off Britannia Road]." Note from Robert who in 2011 bought a house in Ernleigh Road - thanks.
Felaw Street: named, along with the huge, adjacent maltings now converted to offices, after 15th century local merchant, Portman and commissioner Richard Felaw (c.1420-1483) who was eight times bailiff and twice MP for Ipswich. As a successful merchant, his ships brought 'salt and fish from Scandinavia, wine from Gascony and iron from Spain'. See our Felaw Street page for more information. He bequeathed his house in what is now Foundation Street (q.v.) – the site is now a multi-storey car park – to the Ipswich School, endowing it with lands at Whitton so that children of needy parents could attend without paying fees. One of the first pupils to benefit from Felaw's endowment was a young Thomas Wolsey, later Cardinal Wolsey. (See also Wolsey Street, Purplett Street, Tyler Street, Cutler Street.)
Fletcher Road: commemorates Mrs E. M. Fletcher, member of the Borough Council 1922- 1933 for St Margaret's Ward. Her husband was rector of St Matthew's 1900-1915.
Fonnereau Road: formerly Dairy Lane, it runs down the western side of the Park (see Withipoll Street for history of Chistchurch Mansion ownership) as the lower extension of Henley Road (itself named after the village at its far end). Dairy Lane was one of the Ipswich streets which ran with flowing spring water, feeding into Northgate Street and down the Brook Streets (q.v.). For a period photograph of the Park Bakery at the corner of Fonnereau Road, see Introduction.
Fore Hamlet / Fore Street. Fore Hamlet runs south of Back Hamlet (q.v.) up to the foot of Bishop's Hill which leads into Felixstowe Road.
Carol Twinch in Ipswich street by street (see Reading List) quotes one 1864 commentator's description of the inhabitants as a "coarse-speaking, noisy race of seamen and labourers ... [who] ... seem like a separate race from the population of other parts of th town" prone to uproarious jollity one hour and to fighting the next. They were "good-hearted but improvident people, with doubtless much of the blood of old Saxon fishermen and sailors in their veins". But why 'Fore'? Muriel Clegg (see Reading List): "It was much used by neighbouring parishioners who called it 'the Fore', a name similar to 'le For' which appears among Petty Rentals of 1499, describing a 'way' near the salt water at the western fringes of the town"; rather than the suggestion that it was the foremost street, it seems to be derived from its association with the foreshore. Nikolous Pevsner describes it as 'the most interesting street in Ipswich'. See Links for the Fore Street Facelift 1961 website for much more its history with films, audio and images. See also Wykes Bishop Street.
Foundation Street: once named St Edmund Pountney Lane after the church of that name which once stood on Rosemary Lane (between Foundation Street and Lower Brook Street). Foundation Street was earlier home of the Dominican Friars (Blackfriars), the ruins of which are still visible next to The Unicorn Brewery. By 1600 Christ’s Hospital and the almshouses of the Tooley Foundation, though separately managed to set up with rather different intentions, were moving towards an ever-closer union. The road running beside the Blackfriars western wall soon acquired its present name of Foundation Street.
Freehold Road was created in 1850 during the development of the Cauldwell Hall Estate by the Ipswich & Suffolk Freehold Land Society, hence the name 'Freehold'. It bisects the California development, running between Cauldwell Hall Road and Britannia Road – both also newly created. It is the home of Kossuth Cottage.
Friars Bridge Road: now a tiny stub which was mutilated by the cutting-through of Princes Street, the name indicates that it marked the western boundary of the Franciscan Friary (Greyfriars) which extended south from Friars Street. The Friars Bridge, one of the western approaches to Ipswich, led to the Priory. See our
Friars Bridge Road page for maps and photographs.
Fuchsia Lane is an interesting little by-way running at an angle between Foxhall Road (former site of
The Blooming Fuchsia public house) and Cauldwell Hall Road via a neat little humpback bridge over the Westerfield-Felixstowe railway line). We hear that, contrary to the belief that the lane was named after the public house, the pub was itself named after a fuchsia nursery on or near the site. Suffolk is well-known for its enthusaism for fuchsia-growing. East Ipswich ('California' in particular) was known for its smallholdings, nurseries and market gardens, virtually all now filled in with housing.
Gatacre Road: commemorates Major-General Sir William Forbes Gatacre (1843-1906) who served with distinction in India, Egypt and in the Boer War 1899-1901 in South Africa. From 1898 to 1904 he commanded the army's eastern district based at Colchester. Home of Bramford Road School lettering.
Gaye Street: commemorates Charles Gaye (1804-1882) rector of  the nearby Church of St Matthew 1847-1875.
Geneva Road: The League of Nations (see also Cecil Road and Geneva Road street nameplate) held its first council meeting in Paris on 16 January 1920, six days after the Versailles Treaty came into force. In November, the headquarters of the League was moved to Geneva, where the first General Assembly was held on 15 November 1920. The first three Geneva Conventions of 1864, 1906 and 1929 – when this road was laid out – had established humane rules of war.
Gibbons Street
: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Goddard Road: possibly named after F.E. Goddard, MP for Ipswich in 1920
(see tablet on Girls' Ragged School) or D. Ford Goddard (1850-1922) Ipswich civil engineer and business man; Liberal MP for Ipswich 1895-1918 (see Rosehill case study). Ford Goddard was the main philanthropist behind the Ipswich Settlement in Fore Street. Three legs of Goddard Road surround Whitehouse Industrial Estate. [requires confirmation]
Gordon Road
: a cul de sac off Woodbridge Road and not far from Khartoum Road (q.v.), it probably celebrates General
Charles George Gordon and his actions during the siege of Khartoum. See also Kitchener Road.
Gower Street: the short road between Dock Street and Little Whip Street, 'Over Stoke', is named after Captain Richard Hall Gower (1768–1833). He was an English mariner, empirical philosopher, nautical inventor, entrepreneur, and humanitarian. Gower and his family removed to Nova Scotia House at Ipswich in 1817 (see the dock map dated 1805 for the location of Nova Scotia House). He died, aged 65, on his estate ‘Nova Scotia’ (site of the Ipswich Whaling Station) in July 1833. He left a widow, two sons and three daughters whom, because of his abhorrence of public schools, he had been teaching by his own peculiar methods. He lies in a vault on the north side of the church of St Mary-at-Stoke, Ipswich, in the company of master mariners, shipwrights and men of the sea.
Grafton Way: the Duke of Grafton holds three subsidiary titles, all created in 1675 in the Peerage of England: Earl of Euston (Euston Hall in Suffolk is the family seat), Viscount Ipswich, and Baron Sudbury. The most famous Duke was probably Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, who served as Prime Minister in the 1760s. Grafton Way used to be named Commercial Road – perhaps an example of gentrification. The name is also given to the offices of Ipswich Borough Council: Garafton House in Russell Road.
Great Colman Street: see Colman Street.
Great Whip Street: a very historic thoroughfare for it was here, close to the right-angle junction with Dock Street, that the access to the original fording-point going into 'Gipeswic' was thought to be. The ford probably predates the earliest Stoke Bridge crossing (see our Felaw Street page for more about these crossings). This would have been a major route via Over Stoke to Colchester, Chelmsford and London. Muriel Clegg (see Reading list) writes that an early name, first noticed in 1285, for Great Whip Street is Losegateway. or Lousgateway. The source of the 'Whip' name is unclear but could indicate a place where criminals were taken to be whipped (as in York), or have  connections with the maritime craft of whipcording. This street was the site of the St Peter's Workhouse, built in 1836 on land bought from Christ's Hospital School, which accommodated 400 inmates; it had a chapel, infirmary and market gardens.
Greenwich Road: leads from Landseer Road down to Cliff Quay. Greenwich (pronounced 'Grennidge') is the name of the largely industrial area south of the road and is found as 'Grenewic' in the 1086 Little Domesday Book. Meaning 'Trading port on the green river bank', it is also, and most famously, found on the banks of the Thames east of London where the Greenwich Observatory is sited, as well as other examples in the country. The modern Greenwich Close continues the use of the name.
Grimwade Street
: Richard Grimwade was a draper in Westgate Street from 1844; his son, John Henry Grimwade, took the business to new heights and eventually the  'J.H. Grimwade & Sons' large lettering on the store on the corner of Cornhill and Westgate Street (formerly the site of The American Stores) became an Ipswich landmark. The upper floors and basement were all parts of the shop selling school uniforms, tailoring, mens' and womens' garments and gift items: it included a café. The shop eventually closed for business in 1995 and became a card shop, then largely empty.
At least three generations of Grimwades became Mayor of Ipswich. The stretch of road from St Helens Street to Fore Street was cut across the exercise yard of the Borough Gaol – behind County Hall – in the early twentieth Century (the mid and southern sections called, on White's map of 1867, Borough Road and Church Street respectively) was renamed Grimwade Street in the mid-twentieth century to commemorate Alderman Edward Grimwade who was Mayor of Ipswich in 1964-5. The house, once the NALGO offices,  that has stood empty on the corner of Rope Walk and Grimwade Street, was built for the governor of the prison.  See also Grimwade Memorial Hall.
Gwydyr Road: leading off Crane Hill (q.v.) celebrates Lord Gwydyr of Stoke Park (Peter Burrell) who gave the Lairs (Piper's Vale) to the Borough (see also Burrell Road and Stoke Park Drive).
Gymnasium Street: runs from Orford Street behid Coe's store, then turns sharply northwards to meet Newson Street which continues up to Anglesea Road. Gymnasium Street was a narrow lane in 1902 with small houses only on the upper east side, as today. It was probably named after the building of that name in the adjacent Artillery Barracks.
Halliwell Road: see Ernleigh Road.
Handford Road: is named after the Anglo-Saxon 'Hagenfordabrygge' meaning 'Hagena's (or Hagni's) ford'. Today's Handford Road and Bridge are part of the original Roman Road from Colchester (Essex) to Caister by Norwich
(Norfolk). Handford Bridge is to the west of where the Rivers Gipping and Orwell meet – a crossing existed here at an early date.
Hatton Court: Ipswich was home to many notable people, including two Lord Chancellors. Christopher Hatton (1540–1591) who was born and lived in a fine White House, still standing(?), in the town centre in the Court. (Perhaps it was the corner house, now Church's Bistro.) He was considered a 'liberal patron of learning and eminent for his piety, charity and integrity.' Sir Christopher ingratiated himself, by his elegant and graceful dancing, into the favour of Queen Elizabeth I and became Lord Chancellor in 1587. He features in our Mansions in Ipswich section of the Old Cattle Market page. The other Ipswich Lord Chancellor was, of course, Thomas Wolsey, see also Wolsey Street.

Helena Road
: running parallel to the South West Quay from Patteson Road down into Ship Launch Road, it is named after a 16-gun sailing sloop of war which from 1869 to 1880 was moored near the Wet Dock lock gates and served as a Seaman's Church; it seated a congregation of 500 souls. She remained at Ipswich until 1880, when she was transferred by the Navy to other duties.
Henniker Road: running parallel with Bramford Road on the outskirts of the town,
the derivation is probably from Baron Henniker, originally a peerage of Ireland. The Baronetcy, of Worlingworth Hall in the County of Suffolk, was created in the Baronetage of Great Britain in 1765. Worlingworth Hall was the seat of Sir John Major, Bart., who died in 1781, and whose son-in-law, John Henniker Esq., succeeded to his estates and was created a peer by the title of Lord Henniker, with Thornham Magna, where the present Lord Henniker has his seat.
Henslow Road: the Revd John Stevens Henslow, one time Professor of Botany and Mineralogy at Cambridge University who retired to become the rector of Hitcham, Suffolk. Was mentor to Charles Darwin, taught him much of his scientific technique and arranged his place on HMS Beagle, the voyage of which proved historic in the development of Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection. Henslow was one of the founders of Ipswich Museum and helped to develop the processing and use of coprolite (see Coprolite Street), dug in particular from the banks of Suffolk rivers, The Orwell and The Deben. See also Coprolite Street and Packard Avenue. See also Henslow Terrace, 1868.
Hervey Street: was cut through land farmed by a farmer called Hervey. The 1855 Suffolk Directory records an Ernest Hervey occupying Bolton Farm in this area.
High Street: an oddity in that, while many towns have a 'High Street' which is usually full of shops and people, this street in Ipswich was laid out and named leading up to the building of the Ipswich Museum (on a plot originally intended for a church). We hear that, in the naming of the road, the name 'High Street' was eventually chosen because Ipswich didn't have one. It may also indicate that the street is uphill and to give it some sense of importance because of the siting of the new museum in 1880, replacing the old, designed by Christopher Fleury and opened in 1847, now Arlington's Restaurant in Museum Street.
Bettley/Pevsner (see Reading List) points out that: "Berners Street [qv] ... is comparable to High Street, but grander: Berners Street was for the officers of the nearby barracks, High Street for the non-commissioned officers."
Holywells Road: not, as many believe, named after the 'Holy Wells' of Holywells Park which were frequented by pilgrims but a 'Hollow well' rather than sacred wells. Despite this, a rumour exists that a hereditary 'guardian' existed at the wells until the late 19th century. Some apparently even believed him to have been a Druid.
Hossack Road: commemorates James Francis Clark Hossack (1868-1937) a local doctor of the East Suffolk and Ipswich Hospital, who was a member of the Borough Council 1908-1929 representing St Margaret's Ward, mayor in 1929 and became an alderman in 1930.
Humber Doucy Lane: runs from Tuddenham Road (near Westerfield House) to Playford Road (close to the juction with the A1214), roughly parallel with the old by-pass, it is the road with the prefabs. Norma Laming writes:  'Incidentally, you may remember that I asked you if you knew how Humber Doucy Lane got its name? Someone told me that it comes from the French for sweet shade, which would be “ombre doucer” or something.' Thanks to Norma for the suggestion. The Anglo-Saxon '
Humbre' and the Latin verb 'umbro' suggest "to cover with shadows".  The name ‘Humber Doucy’ came about in the same way that Ypres became ‘Wipers’ during World War I. And this goes back to the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) when Ipswich had a number of militia barracks and also played host to a number of French prisoners of war. On their hot march to and from whatever labour they were required to due during incarceration (working in the fields, perhaps?) they were grateful for the cool shade of the trees along this path/lane, so called it “ombre doucer” or possibly more correctly "ombre douce”. Sweet shade it is.
Hutland Road: derives from the huts that occupied an area of land near to the temporary St Helens militia barracks on Woodbridge Road. See also: Parade Road, Barrack Corner/Lane, Khartoum Road.
Ivry Street: relates to the history of the Fonnereau family who had been in the 15th century Earls of Yvery in Normandy. The now-anglicised 'Ivry' Street is home to the Pathology lettering and the lodge house commemorating Mrs J.H. Bartlett close to the  remnants of the old Anglesea Road Hospital. See also Navarre Street
Jefferies Road: probably named after John Robert Jefferies who was an apprentice, son-in-law and later partner of the Ransomes in the nearby huge Orwell engineering works on the east bank of the Wet Dock: Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies. John Jefferies lived at St Helen Lodge – today its garden is bounded by Jefferies Road. See also Ransome Road, Rapier Street. [requires confirmation]
Kelly Road: commemorates Sir Fitzroy Kelly (1796-1880), a distinguished lawyer. Owner of The Chantry 1852-1867, he was MP for Ipswich 1835, 1837-1841 and 1852-1866.
Kemble Street forms part of the California development, but started as a speculative project distinct from the Ipswich & Suffolk Freehold Land Society. While the F.L.S. had started building in 1850, the area called Pond Field to the south-west was initially bought by Hammond Kemball who laid out Kemball Street and build a few houses on it. After his death in 1872, much of this land was developed by the F.L.S.
Khartoum Road: Khartoum was established 15 miles north of the ancient city of Soba in 1821 by Ibrahim Pasha, the son of Egypt's ruler, Muhammad Ali Pasha, who had just incorporated Sudan into his realm. Originally, Khartoum served as outpost for the Egyptian Army, but the settlement grew quickly as a regional center of trade. It also became a focal point for the trading in slaves. It became the administrative center for Sudan, and later the official capital. Troops loyal to the Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad began a siege of Khartoum on 13 March 1884 against the defenders led by British General Charles George Gordon. The siege ended in a massacre of the Anglo-Egyptian garrison. The heavily damaged city fell to the Mahdists on 26 January 1885, and all its inhabitants were put to death. See also: Gordon Road, Kitchener Road.
King Street: running along the Corn Exchange frontage, today's short road had varying names and extent. King Street is named after the King's Head Inn which stood on what is today called Princes Street. It was possibly on or near the site of a building called the Kings Hall where Edward I feasted at the time of the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth to the Count of Holland in 1297.
Kitchener Road: it is almost certain that this road is named after Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, ADC, PC (1850 – 1916) was a controversial British soldier and colonial administrator who won fame in 1898 for winning the Battle of Omdurman and securing control of the Sudan, after which he was given the title "Lord Kitchener of Khartoum"; as Chief of Staff (1900–02) in the Second Boer War he played a key role in Lord Roberts' conquest of the Boer Republics, then succeeded Roberts as commander-in-chief.  In 1914, at the start of the First World War, Lord Kitchener became Secretary of State for War, a Cabinet Minister. One of the few to foresee a long war, he organised the largest volunteer army that Britain, and indeed the world, had seen and a significant expansion of materials production to fight Germany on the Western Front. His commanding image, appearing on recruiting posters demanding "Your country needs you!", remains recognised and parodied in popular culture to this day. Kitchener was killed in 1916 when the warship taking him to negotiations in Russia was sunk by a German mine. Significantly, Kitchener Road is a few yards from Baden-Powell Cottages in Bramford Lane, named after another British war hero.
See also: Gordon Road, Khartoum Road.
Lacey Street: commemorates Robert Lacey, named as president of the Ipswich Freehold Land Society in their prospectus of 1849.
Lady Lane: runs between Westgate Street and the Chapman Lane and is now a mere passageway. Its line southwards was partially followed by the 20th century raised pathway between car parks to Civic Centre, now demolished. Lady Lane is described as an extramural lane in that it was outside the ancient defences of the town. Interestingly – and difficult to imagine in the 21st century – the rampart and ditch line dropped southwards from the Old Bar Gate in Westgate Street between lady Lane and Black Horse Lane. There is more on the line of the western rampart on our Friars Bridge Road page.  Our page on Lady Lane tells more of the story of the Gracechurch Shrine of Our Lady.
Lansdowne Road: see Tokio Road.
Lion Street: more of an alleyway today, it passes the front of the Golden Lion Hotel on Cornhill, which once stood beside the Moot Hall and is now squeezed by the Victorian Town Hall and Corn Exchange weighty footprints. The Golden Lion, said to be a late18th century building, replaced an earlier White Lion inn (which is known to have dated back to the 16th century). So the 'Lion' part of Lion Street is very old. See our King Street page for more information and images.
Lovetofts Drive: running north from the end of Bramford Lane to Whitehouse Road is named after John de Lovetoft who had a grant of free warren here in 1277 and died in 1295. There was a manor house known as Lovetofts Hall and a nearby farmhouse which was still shown on the 1955 Ordnance Survey map, but had disappeared by the 1959 map.
Majors Corner: named, not after the newsagent's shop at the end of Carr Street, but after a Tudor merchant house which dyer, Joshua Major, purchased in 1656. "Unfortunately Joshua lost his children (John, Joseph and Benjamin) in just three short months early in 1658 – as recorded in the register at St Margaret’s Church. In 1669 he became Surveyor of the North West Ward (of Ipswich), an appointment of the Corporation. One of his first jobs was to alter (and bridge) the watercourse flowing down Spring Road and St Helen’s Street where it turned sharply into Upper Orwell Street. To describe the outcome as a bridge is perhaps over the top, it was essentially a culvert. The critical design factors were that the culvert was of sufficient size such that it didn’t flood and pedestrians could cross dry-shod" [additional information from John Norman]. Major's House was moved from Majors Corner to the north of Christchurch Mansion in 1924 (see that page for more detail on the rooms). The wing can be visited today; it is now the rooms with dark panelling and creaky floorboards.
It is likely that Carr Street led to the long-disappeared Eastgate to the town in this area; however, a claim has also been made that the bar-gate stood close to the junction of Orwell Place, Upper Orwell Street, Fore Street and Eagle Street.
Moffatt Street: commemorates Alexander Moffatt, Town Clerk of the Borough 1925-1946.
Mumford's Passage: this long-disappeared passageway is worth including here for its historical significance. Named after William Mumford, a 19th century surgeon who owned property in the vicinity, the alleyway beside Old Waterloo House – fore-runner of Footman Pretty and later Debenhams store – was the only access to the rear until Lloyds Avenue was cut through. See our Cornhill page for more information.
Murray Road: The owners of the land across which this road was cut were the Cobbold family. John Dupuis Cobbold of Holywells House married Lady Evelyn Murray, daughter of the 7th Earl of Dunmore.
Museum Street: see High Street. The story of the roads around the old Museum is told on our King Street page.
Navarre Street: relates to the Fonnereau family who were, in the 15th century, Earls of Yvery in Normandy, and their sovereign, King Henry of Navarre (1553 – 1610). This remnant of a short street was between Neale Street (q.v.) and the lost William Street contained ten to eleven houses, now cut off by the car park behind the Cricketers pub in Crown Street. See also Ivry Street.
Neale Street: In 1793 the Reverend Charles William Fonnereau had married Harriet Debora Neale, daughter of a Thomas Neale (1841-1891) of Freston. In 1882 a Thomas Neale is recorded as being in residence at Christchurch Mansion. See also Blanche Street.
Nelson Road: the nearest residential road running off Woodbridge Road next to the 'Roundwood shops', as they are still known; The Roundwood was the name of a large house once owned – but never stayed in – by Admiral Lord Nelson, one of the great heroes of his day. It was occupied by his wife and father for some years and stood close to the site of St John's School in Victory Road (a reference to HMS Victory, Nelson's flagship). See our Dated buildings page for photographs of The Roundwood. There are some nice F.L.S. house plaques in Nelson Road.
Nottidge Road: We assume that Nottidge Road was named after the founder of Holy Trinity Church in Back Hamlet. In 1835 this church was built (Frederick Hall - Architect) close to the Ipswich Docks as a Chapel of Ease to nearby St Clement Church, and dedicated to the Holy Trinity by the Reverend John Thomas Nottidge (
1776-1847) M.A., Patron and Rector of St Clement Church and St Helen Church. This was the first Anglican parish church – paid for by Nottidge – to be built in Ipswich since the Reformation (1529-1537) and is one of the few churches in the whole country that was built during the reign of King William IV (the “Sailor King”). [requires confirmation]
Orwell Place: see Stepples Street.
Orwell Street (Upper & Lower): see Wash, The.
Packard Avenue: probaly named after Edward Packard who ran the fertilizer works in Coprolite Street. Packard served as a High Steward of Ipswich, Chairman of the Harwich Harbour Board; President of the SFK Chamber of Agriculture, Chairman of the Ipswich Museum & Free Library Committee, and Chairman of the Ipswich School of Arts. He founded the Ipswich Art Society in 1874. [requires confirmation]
Paget Road: commemorates the connection of Lord Paget (later the Marquis of Anglesey) with Ipswich. In 1805, as Lord Paget, he received the Duke of York when he came to review the troops on Rushmere Heath. This derivation crosses over with that for Anglesea Road (q.v.) and involves multiple namings and titlings of the same person. Born in London, as Henry Bayly (his father assumed the name Paget in 1770), he was the eldest son of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge. Field Marshall Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, KG, GCB, GCH, PC (1768-1854), styled Lord Paget between 1784 and 1812 and known as The Earl of Uxbridge between 1812 and 1815, was a British military leader and politician, now chiefly remembered for leading the charge of the heavy cavalry against d'Erlon's column during the Battle of Waterloo. One of the last cannon shots fired that day hit Paget in the right leg, necessitating its amputation. According to anecdote, he was close to Wellington when his leg was hit, and exclaimed, "By God, sir, I've lost my leg!" — to which Wellington replied, "By God, sir, so you have!" The amputated limb went on to lead a somewhat macabre after-life as a tourist attraction in the village of Waterloo in Belgium, where it had been removed and interred. Paget also served twice as Master-General of the Ordnance and twice as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. See also Anglesea Road, Barrack Corner/Lane.
Parade Road:
derives from the temporary Napoleonic military barracks at the top of Albion Hill, off Woodbridge Road. Parade Field Terrace still exists and the road (formerly Parade Terrace) has become extended past Belvedere Farmhouse (still standing) into Belvedere Road which circumlocutes through the cemeteries and down to Tuddenham Road. See also: Hutland Road, Khartoum Road, Militia depot, Barrack Corner/Lane.
Patteson Road: commemorates the connection between the Cobbold and Patteson families, and several of the Cobbolds bore Patteson as a second name. John Coleridge Patteson, the first Bishop of Melanesia and grandson of the Rev. Henry Patteson of Drinkstone, Suffolk was killed on a Pacific island in 1871, the result of trouble caused by Englishmen still engaged in slave trading. There is a large memorial cross to him in St Mary Le Tower churchyard.
Paul's Road: probably named after W.F. Paul, Mayor of Ipswich 1900
(see tablet on Girls' Ragged School) who also appears in the Rosehill case study as a benefactor of the library. He is commemorated by a number of lettered buildings of the W.F. Paul Tenement Trust. This small elbow of a road runs from Ranelagh Road to Crane Hill, by Ranelagh School. [requires confirmation]
Pearce Road: this runs between Derby Road and Orwell Road and is on land developed by the Ipswich Freehold Land Society, of which Joseph Pearce was secretary 1850-1876.
Portman Road: Portman (originally Portman's) Road was built in the mid-19th century at the same time as Princes Street, running from Handford Road across the Corporation Marshes (including Portmen's Marsh) to a junction with Railway Station Road, later to become part of Princes Street. In the 1940s the continuation of the upper part of Portman Road north of Handford Road and running up to Barrack corner was also called Portman Road (formerly Mill Lane and later Mill Street). Under the Charter given to Ipswich by King John in 1200 the government of the town was placed in the hands of two bailiffs and four coroners who were elected at a meeting in the churchyard of St Mary Le Tower on 29 June 1200. At that meeting the inhabitants decided to elect twelve 'capital portmen' reflecting the importance of Ipswich as a port. The name is known nationally and abroad because it is home to the Ipswich Town Football Club ground. See also Portman's Walk.
Portman's Walk: running westward from the junction with Portman Road, this is now known as Alf Ramsey Way to commemorate the famous Ipswich and England football manager whose statue stands near the junction. Historians might regret the loss of the original name which was in use for 300 years. The first Portmen of Ipswich were granted a meadow named Odenholm or Oldenholm – possibly the source of 'Alderman Road'? – (later Portmen's Marsh) on which to keep their horses. See also Portman Road.
Pretyman Road:
Captain Ernest George Pretyman, an officer in the Royal Artillery (1860-1931): Secretary of State to the Board of Trade, Civil Lord of the Admiralty (1916-19), MP for Woodbridge and for Chelmsford. He inherited Orwell Park (now the public school in Nacton) from his cousin, Colonel George Tomline in 1899. The Orwell Park Observatory website states that: 'Pretyman Road in Ipswich is named after him'. There is also a Pretyman Road at the Landguard end of the sea front in Felixstowe. At least one Ipswich street map mis-spells the road with a double 't'. See also Tomline Road.
Princes Street: named after Queen Victoria's Consort, Prince Albert, it was developed in several sections. Originally intended to link Cornhill with Friar's Bridge (the site of today's Greyfriars junction, formerly roundabout), it cut diagonally and brutally through buildings, gardens (see Coyte's Gardens), streets and lanes. It was still unfinished when the second Ipswich railway station opened, once the Stoke Hill tunnel had been constructed (see Eastern Union Railway page) and Railway Station Road was built down to Friar's Bridge, where a timber bridge was built to connect to the town centre. Eventually Princes Street took over the upper part of King Street below Cornhill and now runs all the way to the station. See our Friars Bridge Road for further detail.
Purplett Street:
it is named after a benefactor of the town's charities, but should really be 'Puplett' after Richard Puplett who was a bailiff during the rule of Oliver Cromwell (1653-1658); G.R. Clarke (see Reading list), lists him as bailiff in 1653. In the London Gazette of 1867, a bankrupt baker is said to be "then previously of Puplett Street, Ipswich", so the alteration in spelling happened at some time up until 'Purplett Terrace, 1884' was built (and the cast iron Purplett Street nameplate was ordered by the Borough). The memoirs of Nathaniel Bacon (see our Plaques page) describe "this very ancient family" of Puplett or Purpett "was seated at Newborne, in Carlford Hundred, until Edward Purpett sold the estate to Sir Richard Broke, of Nacton." (see also Cutler Street, Tyler Street and Felaw Street).
Quadling Street: sounding a little like a piece of printer's vocabulary, this road is actually named after the coach builder Edwin Quadling; the company is mentioned on our page on Ipswich tramways. More on the varied successes and failures of this coach builder can be found in Moffat, H. (see Reading List).
Rands Way: possibly named after F.E. Rands, Mayor of Ipswich in 1912 (see tablet on Girls' Ragged School). One of the roads radiating out on the 1930s Gainsborough estate.
[requires confirmation]
Ransome Road: runs between Felixstowe Road and Nacton Road (also other Ransome street names) and marks the major role played in the town by Ransomes engineering works. See also Jefferies Road, Rapier Street.
Rapier Street: a recent, short thoroughfare off Wherstead Road commemorating the industrialist Richard Rapier who, in 1862, became manager of Ransomes railway engineering department. This evolved into the new company of Ransomes & Rapier in 1869, formed by Rapier and Robert James Ransome. It provided much of the equipment for Welsh narrow gauge railways, built railways on sugar plantations, also the Shanghai and Woosung Railway in China and lines in India. They also provided sluices for the Aswan Dam project (probably the Aswan Low Dam built 1898-1902). Ransome Road appears as a short road running from Wherstead Road to the rear of the Cocksedge Engineering works on the 1973 Wet Dock map; presumably the present road running between Wherstead Road flats and the Riverside Industrial Estate is on (or near) to the same site.
See also Jefferies Road, Ransome Road.
Reavell Close: founded in 1898 as Reavell & Co Ltd Engineers by Sir William Reavell on Ranelagh Road in Ipswich, the organisation specialised in steam engines and quadruplex compressors. In 2005 Compair Reavell moved from the 'Ranelagh Works' site, which was developed as housing and a hotel; Reavell Place (as well as nearby Compair Crescent and other local names) commemorates the company which occupied the site for over 100 years.
Redan Street: between Orford Street and Oban Street was initially to be named John Street, we hear. It is probably named after the storming of the Redan at Sevastopol during the Crimean campaign in 1855 when the British captured a Russian-held fort, or redan. It was conquered only after nearly a year of attrition, in which deaths totalled more than 20,000 British and 80,000 French soldiers. The word 'Redan' is now part of the English language, and the definition given by the O.E.D. is: 'Fort—a work having two faces forming a salient towards the enemy'.
Ringham Road: commemorates Henry Ringharn (1806-1866), a wood-carver of national repute. He was involved in restoration work in over eighty Suffolk churches and he built and lived in Gothic House (1851-7) situated nearby at 5 St Johns Road. It is Listed Grade II: "timber-framed in Tudor-bethan style reusing old materials and copying details from Tudor buildings in Ipswich... Richly carved corner-posts with lion brackets (copied from those on the Ancient House, Ipswich) carry enriched bressumer with date 1634 of jetty. Richly carved corner-posts with lion brackets (copied from those on the Ancient House, Ipswich) carry enriched bressummer with date 1634 of jetty. Transom and mullion windows with leaded lights and oriels to front and side gables (copied from the Neptune, Fore Street Ipswich)... Rear door with intricately carved panels, probably sample specimens from the 1844 House of Lords competition".
Rivers Street: short street running between Woodbridge Road and Parade Road (q.v.), possibly named after John Rivers of Ipswich whose daughter,
Anne Rivers, married Sir Thomas Rush (or Russhe) (1490–1560), merchant and sergeant-at-arms to Henry VII and Henry VIII at the time of Cardinal Wolsey and later Thomas Cromwell. Rush has left traces at the Church of St Stephen; oddly, Rush doesn't have a road named after him (see, for example, Felaw Street, Smart Street, Tooleys Court). [requires confirmation]
Rose Lane: named after The Rose Hotel on the corner of the lane and St Peters Street. See also Bell Lane, Eagle Street, Black Horse Lane.
Rope Walk: this is the name for a rope and cord manufactory, central to the shipbuilding and maritime industries of Ipswich. Frank Grace in Rags & Bones (see Reading list) gives a full story of this street in the Potteries area, east of Ipswich town centre. Rope(s) Lane ran parallel with, and north of,  the original rope walk
(the site of today's Woodhouse Square), where ropemakers needed long spaces to spread out the ropes. Today's Rope Walk is probably close to the old Rope Lane; today the name encompasses East and Curve Streets shown on the O.S. 1902 map as it joins St Helens Street at the east end.
Rosehill Road: Owen Roe is described as ‘Farmer of Rose Hill, Ipswich’ (1770-1825). The label of ownership on an 1812 map of the area is ‘Roe’; the origin of the local name was “Roe’s Hill”, which soon became verbally modified into “Rosehill”. His daughter, Ann Roe, married into the Cobbold family and her only son was Alan Brooksby Cobbold (see Alan Road). For a fuller explanation, see our Rosehill case study.
Roundwood Road: see Nelson Road.
St Georges Street:
the long-disappeared, pre-Conquest St George's Chapel stood opposite Salem Chapel in the street which today bears its name (it was known at one time as Globe Lane). You can identify the Chapel of St George, marked 'B',  to the north-west on Spede's map of 1610.
Salthouse Street: running from Common Quay (The Custom House) to Fore Street, it commemorates the importance of the salt trade and of a salt house (Salt Office) on the dockside where evaporated seawater salt from Newcastle and rock salt mined in Cheshire were imported and sold as cattle licks and to the tannery trade. More prominent than the short, L-shaped street, the name lives on in The Salthouse Harbour Hotel (formerly John Good & Sons) on the Wet Dock, although it stands on a nearby but different site to the Salt Office.
Schreiber Road: runs between Woodbridge Road and Rushmere Road. We have found a number of Schreibers and it is probably named after (a) Captain William F. Schreiber who lived at the nearby The Roundwood from 1822 (see Nelson Road) and around the mid-1840s he seems to have purchased the Toll-house – erected by the Ipswich and South Town, Yarmouth Turnpike Trust, wound up in 1872 (see Mileposts) – at the junction of Rushmere Road and Woodbridge Road (now Barclays Bank) and it became the home of his gardener, the house was sold at auction in 1899. (b) Capt. Arthur Thomas Schreiber was Chief Constable of Ipswich and was awarded an OBE and Companion of Honour (1920) – see also Brooks Hall Road. (c) Major Richard Shuldham Schreiber, retired army officer who lived at 1 Woodbridge Road. He was in the Coldstream Guards from 1926 to 1951; was A.D.C. to the Governor General of South Africa 1933 to 1955; he was also Commissioner of the St John's Ambulance Brigade [Information from Who's who in Ipswich 1959]; (d) Lieutenant-Colonel James Alfred Schreiber who was of Irish descent, captain in the Dragoons Guards. He died at Melton, Suffolk in August 1840; also (e) his son Charles Schreiber was born at Colchester and became a Conservative MP (but not for Ipswich). [requires confirmation]
Shafto Road: a family name connected with the Adair family of Flixton Hall, Bungay, one of whose members, Hugh Edward Adair, was MP for Ipswich 1847-1874. See also Adair Road.
Sharp Street
: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Sherrington Road: commemorates Sir Charles Scott Sherrington OM (1857-1952) who attended Ipswich School 1871-1876 and later married into the Wright family of Preston Manor,  Suffolk. He discovered the physiology of the brain, for which (jointly with Lord Adrian) he received a 1932 Nobel Prize; it was the same year that Heisenburg won for the discovery of quantum mechanics and Galsworthy won for literature. He rose in his profession to become President of the Royal Society. "Ipswich's second most famous son" according to an Ipswich Society lecturer on Sherrington in January 2012. Guess who the "first most famous son" is.... [see Wolsey entries]. Sherrington's work is marked by a blue plaque on Ipswich School. HOWEVER...
"Great website. REALLY great. Useful and enjoyable. Just one nitpick : you say that Sherrington Road is named after Charles Sherrington the Nobel prizewinning neurologist. I believe the land belonged to his brother George, who was a lawyer and part of a property consortium which sold the land for housing. He was also, incidentally, the captain of Ipswich Football Club. So why would the  road be named after his brother, who had left Ipswich decades before the land was sold, and who was not particularly famous at that time. Do you have any documentary evidence that it was named after Charles? Anna Cordon (great great niece of the Sherrington brothers)." Thanks to Anna for the contribution: research continues.
Sidegate Lane: runs from Humber Doucy Lane to Woodbridge Road. This erstwhile country lane was used by some travellers to avoid tolls charged by The Ipswich to South Town and Bungay Turnpike Trust at the Side Gate at the junction of Rushmere and Woodbridge Roads (the tollhouse is now Barclays Bank and flint walling can still be seen at the base of the wall in Rushmere Road). To avoid loss of revenue the Turnpike Trust erected a second Side Gate at the junction with Woodbridge Road, thus giving the lane its name.
Silent Street
: there are two commonly-believed sources of this name. 1. The street became unnaturally quiet due to the large number of deaths from plague in 1665-6 (one week 34 out of 64 burials were deaths from plague). 2. More probable explanation is that straw was laid down on the street to deaden the noise of passing horses and carts when Curson House (known as King's Hospital - the building no longer exists) was used as a hospital for sick and wounded seamen during the Dutch wars of the 1650s, 1660s and 1670s. However, Robert Malster's 'A-Z' book (see Reading List) points out that the first recorded use of 'Silent Street' as a name wasn't until 1764.

Sinclair Close: see Bromley Close.
Slade Street: the tiny street running between Star Lane and Salthouse Street named in the 20th century after Sir Thomas Slade, surveyor to the Navy and designer of Nelson's flagship The Victory. Early in his career, he was surveyor of several naval ships built in Ipswich, married an Ipswich woman and was buried in nearby St Clement churchyard (the grave now lost) in 1771. There is a  plaque on a plinth to commemorate him near the west door of St Clement Church.
Smart Street: home of Smart Street School. William Smart (more correctly Smarte) is one of the best known merchants of Tudor period Ipswich. He is better known for being the founder of the Town Library bequeathed to Ipswich at his death in 1599 (it is currently housed at The Ipswich School). However, he has also made great contributions to the Tooley Almshouses by expanding the structure. See also Tooleys Court.
Smart(e)'s name is mentioned in connection with Tyler's as philanthropists who left bequests to the Grammar School to fund poorer pupils at the school.
Soane Street: was likely to have been an extension of the Old Bar Gate (nearby North Gate to the old town) and formed the entry to the Priory of the Holy Trinity (where Christchurch Mansion now stands) and St Margaret's Church. The 19th century naming after Sir John Soane (1753-1837), the noted architect and collector, suggested in a number of sources is clearly wrong (see our Soane Street page for details from Dr James Bettley and Eve Hewing).
Spring Road: named after the many natural springs in the Cauldwell/'Cold stream' (q.v.) area which fed through to Major's Corner, then down The Wash (Upper & Lower Orwell Streets) and eventually into the River Orwell.
Star Lane: a tiny lane which became a major dockland traffic thoroughfare in 1973. Muriel Clegg (see Reading List) suggests that the name came from its nearness to St Mary-at-the-Quay church sometimes called 'Stella Maris' ('Our Lady, Star of the Sea'). For a map of Star Lane in 1902, see our Turret Lane page.
Stepples Street: the current 'Orwell Place' is a meagre name for such an interesting street. The waters rising from the town's natural springs which flowed downhill towards the river were often of such volume that stepping stones were needed for pedestrians to be able to cross at the present junction of Eagle Street and Orwell Place without getting their feet and legs wet. 'The Stepples' were recognised in the original street name. Home to The Unicorn. See also The Wash, Brook Street. More about Water in Ipswich.
Stoke Hall Road: this tiny road off Belstead Road marks the site of Stoke Hall and its mysterious tunnels.
Stoke Park Drive: named in the 1960s after the mansion of Stoke Park built by Peter Burrell (see also Burrell Road), later Lord Gwydyr. For more on Stoke Park mansion see our Bourne Park page.
Sturdee Avenue: close to Badshah  Avenue (q.v.) is probably named after commander and Admiral of the Royal Navy, Sir Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, 1859–1925, famous for the triumphant Battle of the Falkland Islands in 1914. This attribution is supported by the nearby Collingwood Road (probably named after Royal Navy Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, 1748-1810) and Howe Avenue (
probably named after Admiral of the Fleet Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, KG, 1726-1799).
Tacket Street: the relatively short street linking Stepples Street (q.v.) and Dog's Head Street bears an enigmatic name. It would be easy to assume that the name Tankard Street was named after the public house the Tankard, once the home of Sir Humphrey Wingfield (see also Wingfield Street) and that 'Tacket Street' was a later corruption of the name. However, things aren't so straightforward. Carol Twinch points out in Ipswich street by street (see Reading list), that it was Tankard Street between 1700 and 1780 and that it gave its name to the Tankard Inn, rather than the other way round. It was Tacket Street before and after this period, reverting to the original name under pressure from the members of The Tacket Street Congregational Church (today Christ Church URC/Baptist), who thought that 'The Tankard Street Congregational Church' gave out the wrong message. 'Tacket' could be a derivation from 'tack' or 'tackle' maker, describing those who worked in the shipyards or worked as maintenance men on ships. Certainly Tacket and Stepples Streets were regular watering-holes for sailors and ship-builders. Dr J.F. Taylor in In an about ancient Ipswich, 1888, states: "Tacket Street is now almost a plain street, but here were formerly situated, perhaps, the grandest mansions in the town. The merchant princes of Ipswich lived near their warehouses and shipping; they built their houses where they conducted their businesses...". The archetypal surviving example of this is, of course, the Isaac Lord complex in Fore Street.
Tokio Road: many will have pondered on the name of this short residential hill. The Ipswich Society Newsletter, October 2003, has a theory: 'In February and March 1905, a Mr Arthur Warne was evidently planning to develop land between these two roads. He submitted layout plans to the relevant Borough Committee – Paving and Lighting – for three new roads and proposed for them the names of Weymouth, Tokio and Geisha, which were agreed to by the Committee. But in May 1908, he asked its approval to a change of name of "one of his proposed roads" from Geisha to Lansdowne Road. This now forms the extension of Tokio Road across Marlborough Road. One can't help but wonder why one of these names of obvious Japanese association should have been abandoned like this. Surely it couldn't have been that the choice of the name Geisha upset the sensitivities of some of Mr Warne's Ipswich fellow citizens? Or could it?'
Toller Road
: commemorates Richard Toller, head brewer and manager 1896-1922 at the nearby Tolly Cobbold brewery. He lived in 'Cliff Cottage'.
Tomline Road: named after George Tomline (1813-1889), referred to as Colonel Tomline, was an English politician who served as an MP, was a keen amateur astronomer who built an observatory at his mansion: Orwell Park, Nacton (built by Admiral Vernon – see Vernon Street – now a public school). He was founder and chairman of the Felixstowe Railway and Pier Company which built the Felixstowe Branch Line – he had his own personal station – and established the Port of Felixstowe. Tomline Road in Ipswich runs parallel to the railway line between Foxhall and Derby Roads (see the 1882 map). Incidentally, Tomline never married and didn't, as far as we know, have any illegitimate offspring; his cousin, Cpt. E.G. Pretyman, inherited Orwell Park. Tomline was not, in fact, a military man: 'Colonel' was an honorary title of the North Lincolnshire Fusiliers.
Tooleys Court: named after the wealthy 16th century merchant Henry Tooley, benfactor of Tooley's Almshouses in Foundation Street. Died in 1551. Not quite a street, really a courtyard behind the main almhouse entrance on Foundation Street.
Tovells Road: off Nelson Road (q.v.) is probably named after George Tovell who ran a cement works on the Island and who was also an early Dock Commissioner. There were originally no quays between the Wet Dock and New Cut, the majority was taken up by a 'mill pond' which apparently provided a head of water used to operate George Tovell's roman cement works. The pond, later used for storage of timber, became a branch dock, but was filled in during works on the Island in 1923-5. Tovell's Wharf was constructed on the north side of the Island. It is assumed that the Freehold Land Society chose the name for this residential road on the Cauldwell Hall estate because of the prominence of George Tovell as a Dock Commissioner. Requires confirmation.

Tudor Place: off Woodbridge Road near Christchurch Street, was named as it led to Tudor's Circus which was held for many years on the meadow which stood adjacent to the Mulberry Tree (once The Milestone, The Beer House etc.). The circus closed in 1904 and the Drill Hall was subsequently built on part of the site. This later became the ICA, now demolished. Tudor Place has largely disappeared as car parks and a housing area. It would have been accessed via Cobden Place, probably named after Richard Cobden (1804–1865) of the Anti-Corn Law League.
Turret Lane/Green: take their name from Turret House which once stood nearby, though in 1582 the northern part which turns through a right-angle to join Lower Orwell Street was named Orford Lane. Shown on the Joseph Pennigton map of Ipswich dated 1778, Turret House is shown as being occupied by Mrs Sparrow (possibly related to the Sparrows of The Ancient House?) and it was surrounded by gardens. The house was gone by 1844. See our page on Turret Lane.
Tyler Street: now little more than a row of small houses since the reshaping of Vernon Street (q.v.) and Hawes Street, it is named after
William Tyler (died 1643), benefactor of the town's charities (see also Cutler Street, Purplett Street and Felaw Street). Tyler's name is mentioned in connection with William Smart(e)'s as philanthropists who left bequests to the Grammar School to fund poorer pupils at the school (see our Tyler Street page for more details). Tyler is an English (old English) word which means door keeper of an inn. It is also thought to be a derived occupational name derived from “tiler”: one who makes tiles. Among the earliest recorded use of the surname is from the 14th century: leader of the 1381 anti-poll tax Peasants' Revolt, Wat Tyler of Kent.
Upper & Lower: see Brook Street or Wash, The (Orwell Street).
Vernon Street: in Over Stoke was cut through to Stoke Bridge in the mid-nineteenth century, named after Admiral Edward Vernon (1684-1757) who had Orwell Park in Nacton village built for him (see also Tomline Road for Colonel Tomline, later owner of Orwell Park – today, a public school). Vernon was known as 'Old Grog' after the grogram material of which his cloak and breeches were made, and in 1740, in order to reduce drunkenness amongst his men, he caused their rum ration to be diluted with water; this became known as 'grog'.  It may be difficult to believe, but the narrow Bell Lane running up the side of  The Old Bell public house was the original feeder road for traffic over Stoke Bridge (it's still more-or-less on a line with the original bridge), via Austin Street and into Wherstead Road. Vernon Street was home to the first Co-operative store in Ipswich: it's still there, when many others aren't...
Victory Road: see Nelson Road.
Wallace Road: running between Bramford Road and Bramford Lane, it commemorates Sir Richard Wallace of Sudbourne Hall, founder of the Wallace Collection in London. He was appointed High Steward of Ipswich in 1883 and was President of Ipswich Museum 1876-1885.
Wash, The: the currently named Upper and Lower Orwell Streets were known as The Upper and Lower Wash because of the water which flowed from the natural springs around Spring Road, down St Helens Street and from Major's Corner down to the River Orwell. The name may also refer to the area of the Common Wash where the washing of clothes was allowed (being banned by bye-law at the conduit in Tavern Street). Given the use of flowing water and open sewers in the crowded streets of poor housing, one would have to choose one's time very carefully to wash one's clothes. Some people still call this area The Wash in the 21st century. See also Stepples Street, Brook Street, Spring Road, Cauldwell Hall Road. More about Water in Ipswich.
Waterworks Street: a bit obvious, but there was Ipswich Corporation Waterworks just north of St Clement Church, as shown on Edward White's 1867 map. The original Back Street was renamed 'Waterworks Street' and, as it crossed Eagle Street/Rope Walk, eventually linked up with an extended and widened Bond Street (off St Helens Street).
More about Water in Ipswich.
White House Road: named after The White House (accessed from Limerick Close), Listed Grade II which still stands on the border of White House Park, which also boasts a gate lodge on Norwich Road. Built as small country house in the late 17th century and altered early 19th century with late 19th century additions. It retains its complete 17th century roof structure. It was used for many years as local government offices.
Wilberforce Street: see Abolitionists (slavery).
Willoughby Road: a hill linking Burrell Road with Belstead Road, it is named after Lord Gwydyr (Peter Burrell)'s son Willoughby Burrell, as is Willoughby Terrace on Burrell Road. See also Burrell Road.
Wingfield Street: now a short elbow of a by-way from Foundation Street (q.v.) to Tacket Street
(q.v.), this was once much bigger (as shown on our second Courts & yards map). Sir Anthony Wingfield KG (b. 1488, also listed as 1485 - d. 1552) represented Suffolk in parliament; he was friend, Vice-Chamberlain and executor to King Henry VIII, and lived in a house in nearby Tacket Street which he inherited from his uncle, Sir Humphrey Wingfield, who was great friend to Henry Tooley. Although a little smaller than Curson House in Silent Street, the Wingfield residence was grand, the great parlour measuring 27 feet by 17 feet. Wooden panelling from Wingfield's house is now in the Wingfield Room of Christchurch Mansion, having been removed to a private house in 1870 and then acquired by the museum in 1929. It was during Sir Humphrey's occupation that the panelling was executed; the initials 'H' and 'A' appear intertwined standing for Humphrey and his wife Anne. Dramatic redevelopment  in Wingfield Street in 1962 resulted in the loss of the packed, tiny houses and The Phoenix public house, to be followed by the building of the Foundation Street multi-storey car park in the 1980s which truncated the street. Wingfield also owned the Brooks Hall estate to the west of the town – see also Brooks Hall Road.
Withipoll Street: Christchurch Mansion, was built between 1549 - 1550 by Edmund Withipoll on the site of the Augustinian Priory (demolished in 1530).
The Withipolls sold the Mansion 100 years later to the Devereaux family, and they another 100 years later to the Fonnereaus, a well-to-do Ipswich family.  In 1892 Felix Thornley Cobbold (see also Cobbold Street) bought it from the Fonnereaus and presented it to the town (gently twisting the Borough's arm to save the surrounding parkland from housing developers). See our Plaques page for more on Felix Cobbold.
Wolsey Street
: among other  addresses with the name Wolsey (also nearby Cardinal Street), this small street  behind the Greyfriars tower block owes its name to the most famous
Ipswich historical personality. He was born near St Mary-Elms, probably on the site of the The Black Horse. Son of an Ipswich butcher and innkeeper, Thomas Wolsey lived in St Nicholas Street not far from the short street which now bears his name (and a place from 2011 which is home to a fine seated sculpture of Cardinal Wolsey). He rose to become the Lord Chancellor, a hugely powerful role, of Henry VIII for fourteen years. See also College Street. The other Ipswich Lord Chancellor was Sir Christopher Hatton, see also Hatton Court.
Wykes Bishop Street: The Bishop's Wick, or Wicks Episcopi as it was sometimes called, was one of the four hamlets into which the town was once divided (Wykes Bishop, Wykes Ufford – see our St Clement Church page for a passage on this by G.R. Clarke – Stoke and Brookes). It is the area to the south of Felixstowe Road which now includes Bishops Hill, extending to the river and including Holywells Park where the residence of the Bishop of Norwich stood within the extensive moat (fed by the local springs) which is still to be seen. Wykes Bishop continued in the hands of successive bishops from 1235 until the properties of the diocese were exchanged for those of St Benet's Abbey by Henry VIII.  Wykes Bishop Street used to reach up to Bishops Hill when the area was packed with very poor housing (see our Courts & yards page for more information and our Ransomes page for a map), but has been truncated.


There are more derivations to be found. We welcome contributions, additions and corrections here.

The above list has been built on one in The Ipswich Society Newsletter, April 2004 (Issue 155). The original information is based on The Lewcock Collection: Ipswich memorabilia and notes compiled and collected by Edward Hussey Lewcock including notes on Ipswich street names, 1960... which is now held by the Suffolk Record Office. See the Links page for the Ipswich Society's website and Flickr site of images of old Ipswich.
See also: our Historic maps page for placename derivations in the town, including 'Ipswich'.

Related pages:
House name plaque examples: Alston Road; Bramford Road; Cauldwell Hall Road; Cavendish Street; Marlborough Road; Rosehill area;
Ipswich & Suffolk Freehold Land Society (F.L.S.); California
Street index; Streets named after slavery abolitionists.
Dated buildings list; Dated buildings examples;
Named buildings listNamed (& sometimes dated) buildings examples.
Street nameplate examples;
Brickyards



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