Street house names
As with so many roads in the Rosehill area, Cavendish Street has
housing from several eras. The Victorian houses display
a range of styles and etymologies in their name plaques.
The name block sits tightly between the upstairs windows.
Devonshire Road can be seen running up the side of the property in the
above photograph. Clifton is a suburb of Bristol, perhaps a pleasing
name was simply chosen.
Let's hope that the street here isn't quite as wet as those in
Venice. Perhaps the title was chosen, as so often in these cases,
simply because it was a recognisable place name.
'EDDY STONE VILLA'
The Eddystone Rocks are an extensive reef approximately 12 miles
sou'-sou'-west of Plymouth Sound and feature a famous lighthouse which,
happily features on this house name plaque with the name on a curving
scroll above it. It looks magificently like a studio ident in the
opening of a feature film. One can only ponder on the separation of
'Eddy' and 'Stone'. Smeaton's lighthouse was the third incarnation of
Eddystone Lighthouse (1759) and the relief modelling on the plaque is a
reasonably accurate depiction. It was replaced in 1882
by Douglass's lighthouse, which is still in operation today, albeit
with a modern helipad on top. Nice paint-job, to boot.
... does what it says on the plaque. Glimpsed to the left of
number 140 in the above left photograph, the 'vale' in question is the
geographical feature through which Cavendish Road was built. You can
see the land (including certain of the gardens) rising steeply on
either side. At the top of the slope behind Vale Villas
is the rear of the western end of Rosehill Road.
Minton's Ltd, a major ceramics manufacturing company, originated
with Thomas Minton (1765–1836), who established his pottery factory in
Stoke-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, England, in 1793. They produced
domestic, earthenware tableware including the famous Willow pattern.
By 1895 the company had also moved into high quality, art
nouveau ceramics for the larger pocket.
Simon Knott suggests that the colonial name for present day Sri
Lanka, Ceylon, which became a British possession in 1796, was an event
commemorated by a terrace name a hundred years later.
One wonders whether these cottages take their name from Holy Trinity Church, not too far away
between Back Hamlet and Fore Hamlet. Trinity Vicarage at the end of
Rosehill Road features on our Rosehill
case study page.
A double 'Cavendish'... It is quite endearing to
see a row of Victorian houses called 'Buildings' on the name plaque.
There are at least three in Cavendish Street.
This one is one of the few in Cavendish Street carrying the
'F.L.S.' for 'Ipswich & Suffolk Freehold Land
Society' (perhaps 'I.&S.F.L.S.' was a bit much for the plaque.
Simon Knott points out that Joseph Paxton, designer of the
Crystal Palace, died in 1865; although this is sometime before the
terrace was built, throughout his life he was the head gardener of
William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, after whom Cavendish Street is
"Paxton Buildings, at the upper end of Cavendish Street were not
so large [as those FLS houses in Upland Road] and were to be sold for
£107 10 shillings. They faced south, with large gardens at the rear
extending to Foxhall Road. Drainage was into a sewer in Cavendish
Street made up and taken over by the town. There were front and back
'keeping rooms', a kitchen, three bedrooms, w.c. and usual offices.
Each house had a separate backway." (Clegg, M: The way we went, see Reading list).
is carved into a, now degraded, block on a level with the upper
window and on the corner of the terrace.
269/271 No. 294?
Once a word is enshrined in
carved lettering, one imagines that the builder or developer will
insist that it is used, even if it mis-spelt. So, not 'Devonian', as in
pertaining to Devon; more relating to the allium family of bulbs coming
from that county, as in 'onion'.
We Hertfordshirians (sadly, now
we might be referred to as Greater Londonians), when we see the word
'Kentish', immediately think of the north London suburb of Kentish
Town. Simon Knott (of Simon's Suffolk churches, see Links) reminds us that Kentish Town is a place,
where the Dukes of Devonshire, for whom Cavendish Street is named,
owned a great deal of land. The explanation of the name of Kentish Town
may be a derivation from 'Ken-ditch' meaning the 'bed of a waterway'.
It was was originally a settlement along the River Fleet which flowed
through the area, and today runs underground. Kentish Town is first
recorded during the reign of King John (1207) as 'kentisston'. By 1456
Kentish Town was recognised as a thriving hamlet, and in this period a
chapel of ease is recorded as being built for the inhabitants. These
days, Kentish Town is know to most people as a stop on the Northern
(or a traffic queue on the road to central London) and a typical
overbuilt, over-traffic'd, over-populated inner London suburb.
The Klondike (alternative spelling 'Klondyke') is a region of
Yukon in northwest Canada, east of the Alaska border – no to be
confused with other Klondykes in the USA. It lies around the Klondike
River, a small river that enters Yukon from the east at Dawson. The
Klondike is famed because of the Klondike Gold Rush, which started in
1897 and lasted until 1899. Gold has been mined continuously in that
area except for a hiatus in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The name
"Klondike" evolved from the Hšn word Tr'ondŽk, which means "hammerstone
water". Early gold seekers found it difficult to pronounce the First
Nations word, so "Klondike" was the result of this poor pronunciation.
Ironically, Klondyke Terrace is in a locale of Ipswich known as
California or the St. John's area as it's
now more often known; the
development of housing here started in the early days of the Ipswich
and Suffolk Freehold Land Society, formed in 1849, the year of the
Californa gold rush - hence the nickname of the area. One wonders if
the house-namer was aware of the association at this later date. For
more on Ipswich's California (there's one in Woodbridge, too), see our Rosehill case study.
name plaque examples: Alston Road;
Cauldwell Hall Road; Marlborough
Road; Rosehill area;
Ipswich & Suffolk Freehold Land
Society (F.L.S.); California
Street index; Origins of street names
in Ipswich; Streets named after slavery
Dated buildings list; Dated buildings examples;
Named (& sometimes dated) buildings
Street nameplate examples; Brickyards
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Historic Lettering site: Borin Van Loon
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