Stoke Bridge

"The Anglo-Saxon settlers were already active here by A.D. 625 – we know this by the dating of pottery shards found in the ground – and the ford across the river [near today's Stoke Bridge] was the vital river crossing which was the foundation of Ipswich. It took the settlers 300 years to build a bridge across the river." John Norman, Chair of the Ipswich Society

The tablet on the north side of the bridge:
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 12013 images
'STOKE BRIDGE
ERECTED A.D. 1924-5.
ENGINEER SIDNEY LITTLE A. M. INST. C.C.
BORO' ENGINEER & SURVEYOR.
CONTRACTORS D/G/ SOMERVILLE & CO. LTD.'

Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 2
The tablet on the south side of the bridge, not noticed by may people as it is sited between two very busy roads and pedestrians rarely go there:
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 3
'STOKE BRIDGE
ERECTED A.D. 1924-5
MAYOR COL. F.W.TURNER'
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 3b   Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 3c
Only noticed in January, 2016 here's another plaque attached to the western parapet of the 'new' bridge with the Orwell stretching up towards the Princes Street bridge:
'SUFFOLK COUNTY COUNCIL
STOKE BRIDGE
OPENED BY CAPT. R.J. SHEEPSHANKS, D.L.,
CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNTY COUNCIL
AUGUST 22ND 1983
E.L. WILLIAMS O.B.E., C. ENG.      COUNTY SURVEYOR
FRENCH KIER CONSTRUCTION LTD.       MAIN CONTRACTOR'


Ipswich Historic Lettering: 1778 map, Stoke Bridge
On Pennington's map of 1778 one can see St Peters Street leading into Bridge Street which descends southwards from the town centre, past Stoke Mill, over Stoke Bridge, crossing the junction of Stoke Lane and Dock Lane with The Old Bell marked 'Bell'. Vernon Street and, of course, the locked Wet Dock and New Cut would not exist until the next century.

The importance of Stoke Bridge
Just as the Romans had colonised Iceni settlements, so the Anglo-Saxons moved onto land abandoned by the Romans and built a number of small hamlets along the Gipping and Orwell rivers. Ipswich, or Gipeswic as it became known, was one of the first of any size to be founded and one of the first to be populated. The place between Ipswich and the hamlet of Stoke was the shallowest part of the river and the most easily forded or, much later, bridged. This first possible crossing point moving upstream from the mouth of the river (that is, until the Orwell Bridge was built in the 20th century) was the nucleus of the continuous settlement in that precise location. This ford across marshy ground would have been close to the present day Stoke Bridge and is said to be on a line between today's Foundation Street on the north side and Great Whip Street on the south; these streets still line up on a modern street map despite more recent additions such as the Wet Dock and New Cut. This nucleus is what gives Ipswich its claim to being the oldest continously settled town in England.

There have been  number of Stoke Bridges. There are records of a bridge existing on the site from the late 13th Century. The fact that the Domesday Book mentions the church of St Mary-at-Stoke implies that a crossing existed much earlier. An iron bridge engineered by Ransomes was built in 1819, replacing an earlier stone bridge which was swept away in floods. In 1923 there was a fire at Burton, Son and Saunders in Key Street that was so fierce the heat buckled the steelwork of Stoke Bridge which was demolished. It was replaced – as we show above – by the present concrete southbound bridge which has a plaque celebrating the bridge's erection over 1924 and 1925. A second bridge to carry northbound traffic was added in the 1982 (shown under construction on our Trinity House buoy page). The bridge was for centuries the southernmost crossing of the river in Ipswich until the construction of the Orwell Bridge in December 1982.

Telephone box
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 4   Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 5
'TELEPHONE'
The name was coined in 1835, "apparatus for signaling by musical notes" (devised by Sudré in 1828), from French téléphone (c.1830), from the Greek télé- "afar" + phone "voice/sound". Also used of other apparatus in the early 19th century, including "instrument similar to a foghorn for signalling from ship to ship" (1844). The electrical communication tool was first described in modern form by P. Reis (1861); developed by Alexander Graham Bell, and so called by him from 1876.
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge 62013    Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge K6 20142014: phone replaced, but not door...
The K6 kiosk is identified as Britain's red Telephone Box; in fact eight kiosk types were introduced by the General Post Office between 1926 and 1983. The K6 was designed by the great architect, Sir Giles Gilbert Scott (1880-1960, designer of Battersea and Bankside power stations and Liverpool cathedral), to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of the coronation of King George V in 1935. Some 60,000 examples were installed across Britain, which is why the K6 has come to represent the red Telephone Box. Over 11,000 K6s remain and they are the most visible examples of the eight kiosk types. See our Trinity House buoy page for 1980s photographs of this K6 in front of the original redbrick Paul's maltings.

Sadly, this hardly-noticed 'phone box has seen much better days. The door is missing and so,  2013, was the actual 'phone receiver
with the cable hanging forlornly; it was later replaced. Is this the sign of a town in decline? See a lost K6 example from outside The Greyhound pub on our Street furniture page and the only K6 with door and a working telephone (we think) outside County Hall.

A few yards past the K6 is the Trinity House buoy. On the Stoke side is Stoke Bridge Maltings, The Old Bell and The People's Hall.

Aerial View (2007)
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Stoke Bridge aerial2007
In 2007 it is notable that the burnt out shell of Paul's malting (close to Bridge Street) is still standing. You can see photographs of this now-demolished structure on our Trinity House Buoy page. On the same page are photographs of its neighbours: the R. & W. Paul Ltd silo and Burtons factory. This bird'eye view captures a significant moment in the long history of the Ipswich river and docks: the diggers and vehicles seen at top right are busy clearing the site of the DanceEast studio block as part of the Waterfront Regeneration scheme. The orange-painted 'Cardinal Lofts' across Foundry Lane look close to completion. The collapse of the global banking industry (and in particular the Irish banks which gave financial backing to the Ipswich regeneration) was not far off. We suppose that we ought to be grateful that the DancEast headquarters and the over-tall 'The Mill' tower above it were built before the crash. However, only the shell is 'finished' (some of the cladding on the tower was torn off during high winds in the autumn of 2013) and the interiors and services have yet to be completed in 2014.

The lagoon between St Peter's Wharf and Stoke Bridge Maltings provides the extra depth for the 'Viewing platform' to provide views of the Wet Dock and quays. Across the road the modern Skate Park stands on the site of the old tide mill. The line of the tramway curves horizontally across the image. One striking thing about the roads, roundabouts and Stoke Bridges is the amount of public lettering painted in white on the tarmac surfaces. Not 'historical' perhaps, but there's a lot of it.



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©2004 Copyright throughout the Ipswich Historic Lettering site: Borin Van Loon
No reproduction of text or images without express written permission