What is Listing?
Definition: Listed Building (taken from the Historic England website;
"...means a building which is for the time being included in a list
compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under this section; and
for the purposes of this Act -
(a) any object or structure fixed to the building;
(b) any object or structure within the curtilage of the building which,
although not fixed to the building, forms part of the land and has done
so since before 1st July 1948,
shall subject to subsection (5A)(a) be treated as part of the building.
[s1(5) Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990]"
'Listing is the term given to the practice of listing buildings,
scheduling monuments, registering parks, gardens and battlefields, and
protecting wreck sites. Listing allows us to highlight what is
significant about a building or site, and helps to make sure that any
future changes to it do not result in the loss of its significance.'
A listed building may not be demolished, extended, or altered without
special permission from the local planning authority, which typically
consults the relevant central government agency, particularly for
significant alterations to the more notable listed buildings. In
England and Wales, a national amenity society must be notified of any
work to a listed building which involves any element of demolition.
Exemption from secular listed building control is provided for some
buildings in current use for worship, but only in cases where the
relevant religious organisation operates its own equivalent permissions
procedure. Owners of listed buildings are, in some circumstances,
compelled to repair and maintain them and can face criminal prosecution
if they fail to do so or if they perform unauthorised alterations. When
alterations are permitted, or when listed buildings are repaired or
maintained, the owners are often required to use specific materials or
Although most sites appearing on the lists are buildings, other
structures such as bridges, monuments, sculptures, war memorials, and
even milestones and mileposts and Abbey Road zebra crossing made famous
by the Beatles are also listed. Ancient, military, and uninhabited
structures, such as Stonehenge, are sometimes instead classified as
scheduled monuments and protected by much older legislation, whilst
cultural landscapes such as parks and gardens are currently 'listed' on
a non-statutory basis.
Listing Grades: Currently there
are Grade I for those judged the most important, Grade II* and Grade
II. Buildings formerly Listed as Grade III usually deserve to be Locally Listed by the local
authority which does confer a certain protection in that it record the
building and gives Conservation Officer some leverage if the building
Ipswich is an historic town with many precious features. It's not just
retail parks and car parks. There are over 700 Listed buildings in
Grade I Listed buildings
• Christchurch Mansion The Listing also includes the Ice House (GII),
the wall and gates south of the Mansion (GII) and the Lodge at No.1
Soane Street (GII).
• 30 Butter Market: The Ancient House.
• Gateway to Wolsey's College (also an Ancient Monument). 1-5 College
Street, the former Burton Sons & Sanders offices, of which Wolsey's
Gate is an integral part (GII).
• 80 and 80A Fore Street (Isaac Lord's). The G1 buildings are the Sale
Room, the Crossway and the Warehouse running down to the quay, now the
main bar. The former Malt Kiln is Listed GII* and numbers 1-7 Wherry
Lane are GII.
• Friars Street: Unitarian Meeting House.
• Friars/Princes Streets: Willis office building.
• 7 Northgate Street. Formerly the Royal Oak Inn, today Jackaman's
• Northgate Street: Pykenham's Gatehouse and the wall to the Ipswich
& Suffolk Club.
• Church of St Margaret and the wall around the churchyard.
• 2 St Peters Street (The Sailors' Rest) The first building ‘rescued'
by the Ipswich Society.
• Church of St Mary-at-Stoke. Adjacent are the cellars to Stoke Hall,
Grade II* buildings
• Cliff Lane: The Margaret Catchpole public house. A Cobbold pub built
in 1936 as a counter to the ‘Tolly Follies'
being built at that time by Tollemache & Co. The two brewers didn't
amalgamate until 1957.
• College Street: Church of St Peter.
• Constitution Hill: ‘Woodside'.
• Dial Lane: Church of St Lawrence, Ipswich Historic Churches Trust.
• Elm Street: Church of St Mary-at-the-Elms.
• 24 Fore Street, formerly The Wheatsheaf public house, in the same
style as the Ancient House in Butter Market but without the decoration.
• 56-58 Fore Street (opposite Fore Street Baths).
• 80-80A Fore Street (Isaac Lord's warehouses, see above).
• Wherry Quay: Isaac's public house & restaurant, the former Malt
• 86-88 Fore Street, the former Neptune Inn.
• Cromwell Square: Church of St Nicholas.
• Gippeswyk Avenue: Gippeswyk Hall, now home to Red Rose Chain theatre.
• Key Street: Church of St Mary-at-the-Quay, soon to be opened as ‘Quay
• Key Street: The Old Custom House.
• 9 Northgate Street: Listed GII on Historic England listing.
• St Clements Church Lane: Church of St Clement.
• 24 St Margarets Plain (is also 2 Soane Street): the former Pack Horse
• 56-58 St Margarets Street: the St Margarets Street frontage of the
Pack Horse Inn.
• 35-39 St Margarets Street (37-39 St Margarets Street on the Historic
England list at GII*); Half-timbered buildings on the corner with Great
• 1-9 Silent Street: the first four buildings on the north side of
Silent Street, including Claude Cox's former bookshop.
• 43 Tavern Street: The Great White Horse Hotel, its bedrooms extend
above 37-41 Tavern Street, Listed GII).
• Tower Street: Church of St Mary-le-Tower.
• 19 Tower Street. Note that 17 Tower Street (Church House) and 21
Tower Street are both GII.
Additionally, Blackfriars Priory, between Foundation and Fore Streets,
is classified as an Ancient Monument (AM).
There are 677 Grade II Listed buildings. The highest concentration of
Listed buildings is in Fore Street with two Grade I, five Grade II*,
and 77 Grade II.
Between 1985 and 1994 only four Listed buildings disappeared, and none
have been demolished since 1995.
This page is based on an article in the Ipswich Society Newsletter, April
2016 (Issue 203); see Links.
Mapping the Listed buildings
One of the
best ways of finding specific buildings is to use Ipswich Borough
Council Online Mapping, turn on 'development constraints' on the
left hand side and this will bring up Listed buildings in orange (and
Conservation Areas in red). Click
on the 'I' information button above the map and then zoom into the map
of the town and click on the
building you want to identify (usefully, the house numbers are shown).
This is linked to the Historic England
list entries so would bring up the name of the building as it appears
on the Historic England website, which would then give you an idea
where to look on the British
Listed Buildings website. Thanks
to Conservation Officer,
Rebecca Styles, for notes about map searches for the Borough and
Please email any comments and contributions by clicking here.
throughout the Ipswich
Historic Lettering site: Borin Van Loon
No reproduction of text or images without express written permission