The Roe tomb, Darmsden

This relates to the source of the name 'Rosehill' in Ipswich (see our Rosehill Library case study). The invaluable Cobbold Family History website (see Links) provided the initial information about the Chapel of St Andrew, Darmsden final resting place of both the owner of the farm, Owen Roe and his daughter Anne Roe, who married into the Cobbold family of Ipswich.

On a walk from Needham Market skirting the chalk quarry behind the Lion pub, we came across the small church on a remote lane on the edge of the hamlet of Darmsden. Darmsden lies between Barking and Baylham. Approaching from the fields, the chapel provides quite a distinctive landmark over the undulating fields of oil seed rape, barley and wheat. This small place of worship was closed by the dioscese and rescued by local people who formed a trust to buy back the building, the bell and reopen the church. There is a full description on Simon's Suffolk Churches (see Links). Here is some information gleaned from the Barking Parish Council website (http://barking.onesuffolk.net/home/church-and-chapel/):-

"A church has stood on the present site since mediaeval times but due to subsidence had to be rebuilt in 1880. The church and rectory were united with Barking which was also the mother church for Needham Market. Since the latter did not have a graveyard until the early 1900's many of its more wealthy inhabitants purchased burial plots in Darmsden.
The cost of re-building the present church, 1500, was paid for by James Kemplay, QC whose father in law lived at Darmsden Hall. It was dedicated on the 5 August 1880 and is built in the Decorated style using whole flints, some of the mediaeval stones can been seen around the windows. There is a circular window above the west gable made up of four quatrefoils. The bell which hangs in the bell-cot at the west gable and weighs 140 pounds, is inscribed ‘Sancta Maria 1710. Founder, John Goldsmith of Redgrave'. There is a circular font, behind which there is a bench-cum-seat incorporating much older woodwork. The beautifully carved screen depicts Saint Peter with his keys, Jesus as the Good Shepherd and the Patron Saint, Saint Andrew with the cross saltire."
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Rosehill: Roe tomb 5
For such a small village churchyard, Darmsden contains a surprising number of substantial tombs, which is explained in the preceding passage. The Roe tomb lies in the churchyard near the main gate. It is in reasonable condition with some lichen and ivy cover, however some of the incised lettering is difficult to decipher. We think that a raking light and careful camera-work might reveal much of the detail. This is a shame as the side of the tomb which mentions both generations of the Roe family (all four sides are lettered) is in the poorest state. The image below is enhanced to show their names:
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Rosehill: Roe tomb 2
'ANN ROE
OWEN ROE'
The inscription is unclear but suggests that Ann Roe's date of death might have been 1859 (although it is listed as 1851 elsewhere).

On the opposite side, closest to the gate, we find a clearer set of characters (all traditional serifed large-and-small capitals):
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Rosehill: Roe tomb 1
'BENEATH THIS TOMB
ARE DEPOSITED THE REMAINS OF

OWEN ROE. GENT
LATE OF ROSE HILL IPSWICH
WHO DIED
APRIL XX? MDCCCXXV
AGED LV'
Owen Roe's dates are confirmed as 1770 - 1825, so was aged 55 at his death. The appellation 'Gent' (rather than, say, 'Rev.', 'Esquire' or a noble title) indicates that Owen Roe was a gentleman farmer, presumably successful given the rather grand (and not inexpensive) nature of his final resting place. One imagines that he and his family would have been able to mix socially with the Cobbold family in Ipswich (also 'new money' gentry, their wealth being based on the successful brewing business at Cliff Quay in Ipswich). At a time when class, wealth and social status were deemed to be of great importance, this would explain how his daughter, Ann Roe, was in a position to meet her future husband, Charles Cobbold, at his mother's Valentine party in 1811.

The smaller panels at each end of the tomb are (below left):
Ipswich Historic Lettering: Rosehill: Roe tomb 3  Ipswich Historic Lettering: Rosehill: Roe tomb 4
'IN
MEMORY OF
CHAS. COBBOLD ESQ.
WHO DIED
7? AUGUST 1859
AGED 66 YEARS'
The dates for Charles Cobbold, Ann's husband, are confirmed as 1793 - 1859, so he was aged 66 at his death. It is not entirely clear that Charles Cobbold was actually interred in the Roe tomb, merely that as Ann's husband who survived her by a few years, the inscription remembers him. We suspect that he would have been interred in a Cobbold family vault or tomb.

Above right is a far more indecipherable description, but we are sure that, at the top, we can make out the words:
'ANN
OF IPSWICH'
We learn that Ann's daughter (Georgiana Cobbold) is buried in this large tomb with her mother (formerly Ann Roe), her sister (Ann Elizabeth Roe Cobbold) and her grandfather (Owen Roe). The sequence of births and deaths shown below indicates the following: Owen Roe (d.1825), Georgiana (d.1837), Ann Elizabeth Roe Cobbold (d.1837), Charles Owen Cobbold (d. 1837), Ann Cobbold (nee Roe) (d.1851?), to which we can add Ann's husband Charles Cobbold (d. 1859). We think that is most likely that the smaller panel at the opposite end to the Chas. Cobbold Esq. inscription might include the young daughters Georgiana and Ann Elizabeth and probably their brother Charles Owen who died in India, as it is stated that there is a memorial inscription to him on this tomb.

Here is the date sequence for Ann Roe on the Cobbold Family History Trust website:-
?          Born
1815    Married Charles COBBOLD in St Clements Church, Ipswich
1818    Birth of son Charles Owen COBBOLD
1825    Birth of daughter Ann Elizabeth Roe COBBOLD
1825    Death of father Owen ROE
1828    Birth of daughter Georgiana COBBOLD
1830    Birth of son Alan Brooksby COBBOLD
1837    Death of son Charles Owen COBBOLD
1837    Death of daughter Ann Elizabeth Roe COBBOLD
1837    Death of daughter Georgiana COBBOLD
1851    Died
[UPDATE 12.6.12: Anthony Cobbold writes: "It was a cruel stroke of fate which robbed them (Ann and Charles) of 3 of their 4 children in the same year, 1837.  Charles Owen died in Calcutta on 4th September and was presumably buried there.  Ann Elizabeth died 4th February and Georgiana 13th March.  Was there a ‘flu’ epidemic in Ipswich that winter do you know?" There was a
'flu pandemic which spread from China to the Phillipines, India, Russia, then Europe 1830-1833, killing just under a million people worldwide.]

Why Darmsden?
Many Suffolk people will not be aware of Darmsden, this handful of dwellings, its Hall and its chapel surrounded by rolling fields. Darmsden Hall (Listed Grade II) is described as a farmhouse dating to c.1830, but with a wing dating to c.1600, so it is a place of some antiquity. An SCC archaeological project in this location identifies habitiation in the Early Iron Age and Roman period. We also know that a medieval church stood on the site of the present one. We assume that the Roes are buried in the graveyard because Darmsden is the place whence they originally came. One clue is that, between the chapel and the Hall stands Rose Farm and Rose Farm Cottage (and nearby – perhaps a bit of a stretch – 'Roebuck Farm'), the names of which may well have the same familial root as 'Rose Hill' in east Ipswich.

Our Rosehill Library case study page has more on the connection of this family to the area and further information about the locale and the development of the public library branch in Tomline Road at the turn of the 19th/20th century.
See also
Margaret Hancock's research on the history of the Rosehill area.



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